University of California

Public-private partnerships needed in horticultural research and development


Gordon Rausser
Holly Ameden

Authors Affiliations

G. Rausser is Robert Gordon Sproul Distinguished Professor,; H. Ameden is Ph.D. Candidate, Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics, UC Berkeley. The UC Berkeley–Novartis agreement was designed and implemented while Professor Rausser was Dean of the College of Natural Resources at UC Berkeley.

Publication Information

Hilgardia 58(2):116-119. DOI:10.3733/ca.v058n02p116. April 2004.

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University-industry partnerships are proliferating in the United States, as public funding for high-level research continues to decline yet knowledge plays an increasingly important role in industrial processes. The horticulture industry benefits from such arrangements by influencing research directions and gaining access to innovations and complementary research in agri-cultural biotechnology. Given the nature of this industry, the obstacles to developing effective partnerships are substantial. Private horticulture institutions should form consortia of both small- and medium-sized firms, and they should understand the need for faculty and academic freedom. More enterprising members of a consortium can capitalize on the research contacts and pursue firm-specific, applied-research partnerships. Potential drawbacks are the exclusion of smaller firms and inequitable benefits-sharing within the consortia.

Rausser G, Ameden H. 2004. Public-private partnerships needed in horticultural research and development. Hilgardia 58(2):116-119. DOI:10.3733/ca.v058n02p116

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Conventionally bred papaya still possible, even in California

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World trade rules affect horticultural biotechnology


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Sidebar: Transgenic produce slow to enter evolving global marketplace

Sidebar: Diversity of horticultural biotech crops contributes to market hurdles

Despite benefits, commercialization of transgenic horticultural crops lags

Sidebar: Virus-resistant transgenic papaya helps save Hawaiian industry

Sidebar: Biotechnology expands pest-management options for horticulture

Sidebar: Transgenic trap crops and rootstocks show potential

Consumer knowledge and acceptance of agricultural biotechnology vary

Sidebar: Words matter

Sidebar: Consumers purchase Bt sweet corn

Regulatory challenges reduce opportunities for horticultural biotechnology

Sidebar: IR-4 Project targets specialty crops

Sidebar: China aggressively pursuing horticulture and plant biotechnology

Access to intellectual property is a major obstacle to developing transgenic horticultural crops

Sidebar: Nonprofit institutions form intellectual-property resource for agriculture

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