University of California

‘Third’ institution needed to bridge family-school gap for youth


Stephen T. Russell

Author Affiliations

S. Russell is 4-H Youth Development Spe cialist, Department of Human and Community Development, UC Davis. The author thanks Faye Lee, Scott Neeley, A1 Sokolow and two anonymous reviewers fahelpful comments on earlier drafts.

Publication Information

Hilgardia 54(1):48-54. DOI:10.3733/ca.v054n01p48. January 2000.

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California's youth of the new millennium will be the first adults to have grown up in a truly multicultural society; their experiences as children will set the stage for the leadership that they will provide beyond our lifetimes. Along with dramatic changes in the racial and ethnic composition of the state's population, the next 50 years will also bring significant changes to family life. These changes have profound implications for public education and civic involvement. A new, “third” social institution is needed to encourage youth in meaningful developmental activities when they are not at home or in school, and to prepare them for life in a diverse society.


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Russell S. 2000. ‘Third’ institution needed to bridge family-school gap for youth. Hilgardia 54(1):48-54. DOI:10.3733/ca.v054n01p48
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