University of California

An annotated list and bibliography of insects reported to have virus diseases


Kenneth M. Hughes

Author Affiliations

Kenneth M. Hughes was Assistant Specialist in Insect Pathology, Agricultural Experiment Station, Berkeley.

Publication Information

Hilgardia 26(14):597-629. DOI:10.3733/hilg.v26n14p597. May 1957.

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Abstract does not appear. First page follows.

No comprehensive listing of the insects reported to be affected by viruses has been made for a number of years. In 1915, Chapman and Glaser (47)3 published a list of insects having “wilt.” Revised listings based on Chapman and Glaser’s work, and including additional entries, have been made by Sweetman (198), Bergold (7), and Steinhaus (185). Recent years have produced so much new information on the virus diseases of insects [Martignoni (125) reported that in 1954 more than 150 insect species were known to suffer from virus diseases] that all the above lists are now quite incomplete.

In the list presented here an attempt has been made to include all published reports of virus infections in insects, regardless of the validity of such reports. There are certainly many entries of questionable authenticity, but their evaluation is left to the judgment of those who may find the listing useful.

A notation as to the type of virus disease was included in nearly all entries. An attempt was made to distinguish between the nuclear polyhedroses and the cytoplasmic polyhedroses whenever the information available in the literature permitted such a distinction. Those cases in which a polyhedrosis is involved, but without evidence to indicate the type of polyhedrosis, were recorded simply as “polyhedrosis.” The bibliography is not a complete listing of all literature in which reference is made to a virus disease of an insect, but it is hoped that none of the principal publications has been overlooked.

The scientific and common names used agree with those found in “Common Names of Insects Approved by the Entomological Society of America” (Amer. Ent. Soc. Bul. vol. 1, no. 4, December, 1955). Common names of some of the species not included in the above listing were obtained from “Catalogue of injurious insects in Japan” by T. Shiraki (Economic and Scientific Section, Natural Resources Division, Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers, Tokyo, 1952, 7 vols.), and from the publication or publications referred to in the text by number.


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