The determination of yield and shrinkage of wool by scouring small samples
AuthorJ. F. Wilson
Author AffiliationsJ. F. Wilson was Associate Professor of Animal Husbandry and Associate Animal Husbandman in the Experiment Station.
Hilgardia 11(4):149-172. DOI:10.3733/hilg.v11n04p149. January 1938.
Abstract does not appear. First page follows.
The accurate determination of wool shrinkage is essential to the proper conduct of biological investigations of quantitative wool production. It is equally important to the woolgrower. The clean weight of a fleece is far more significant than the grease weight in the selection of breeding animals, especially rams whose offspring are to be retained for breeding. Besides being important biologically, shrinkage is intimately associated with all commercial aspects of wool production. The price of the commodity is quoted on a clean basis, and each 1 per cent difference in the shrinkage affects the value per pound of either the individual fleece or the whole clip 1/100 of the quoted price. Thus, if fine combing wool sells at 90 cents a pound on a clean basis, an increase of 1 per cent in the shrinkage decreases the value of the grease wool 9/10 of a cent a pound. A grower with a band of 1,500 ewes shearing, on an average, 10 pounds each might be affected to the extent of $135 by a 1 per cent variation in shrinkage, provided the clip is sold strictly on its merits.
The factors influencing shrinkage have been pointed out in another paper,(1)3 which showed that California wools may shrink from 30 per cent to as high as 80 per cent.
Proper technique in shrinkage determinations has been studied over a long period at the California Agricultural Experiment Station and elsewhere. Hardy(2) once recommended scouring the entire fleece for the most reliable results.
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