Reactions of four cotton varieties to variations in water management on two San Joaquin Valley soils
AuthorsD. W. Grimes
D. M. Bassett
W. L. Dickens
Authors AffiliationsD. W. Grimes was Lecturer and Associate Water Scientist, Department of Water Science and Engineering, U.C. Davis, stationed at the San Joaquin Valley Agricultural Research and Extension Center, Parlier, California; D. M. Bassett was Specialist, Department of Agronomy and Range Science, U.C. Davis, stationed at the U. S. Cotton Research Station, Shafter, California; W. L. Dickens was Staff Research Associate IV, Department of Water Science and Engineering, U.C. Davis, Stationed at the U. S. Cotton Research Station, Shafter, California; H. Yamada was Staff Research Associate IV, Field Stations, stationed at the U.C. West Side Field Station, Five Points, California.
Hilgardia 42(17):565-588. DOI:10.3733/hilg.v42n17p565. December 1974.
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Four cotton varieties of genetically different growth and fruiting habits were grown on two widely different soils under three extremes of water management. Performances of the contrasting genotypes were evaluated in terms of yields, vegetative growth, and lint quality.
Yields were influenced both by water management and variety, with an intermediate irrigation treatment generally most favorable. Low spring temperature reduced yields, especially on a soil having high water-retention capacity. Excessive irrigation caused rank growth in all varieties, but a significant variety-irrigation interaction was observed. Fiber quality was influenced by water management as well as by cotton variety. Less-frequent irrigation generally reduced fiber length in all varieties but the reduction was less for the two Acala varieties. Reduced frequency of irrigation lowered elongation percentage but increased fiber strength.
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