University of California

On the mode of inheritance of double-muscled conformation in bovines


W. C. Rollins
Moira Tanaka
C. F. G. Nott
R. B. Thiessen

Authors Affiliations

W. C. Rollins was Professor of Animal Science and Geneticist in the Experiment Station, Davis; Moira Tanaka was Staff Research Associate II, Department of Animal Science, Davis; C. F. G. Nott was Research Assistant in genetics, Department of Animal Science, Davis; R. B. Thiessen was Research Assistant in genetics, Department of Animal Science, Davis.

Publication Information

Hilgardia 41(14):433-453. DOI:10.3733/hilg.v41n14p433. December 1972.

PDF of full article, Cite this article


For this report, analysis of the results of an experiment conducted at the University of California at Davis and a critical review of the literature did not lead to rejection of the autosomal mono-hybrid model as an adequate explanation of the genetic transmission of the conformation associated with bovine muscular hypertrophy, commonly known as double-muscling. Conformational criteria for classifying a calf as double-muscled neonatally were developed and discussed herein, and a hypothesis is presented for prenatal selection against homozygous mutant embryos.

Literature Cited

Casida L. E. Prenatal death as a factor in the fertility of farm animals. Iowa State College Jour. Sci. 1953. 28:119-26.

Hanset R. Le problème de l’hypertrophie musculaire ou caractère “culard” dans la race bovine de moyene et haute Belgique. Annls. Méd. Vét. 1967a. 111:140-80.

Hanset R. Rapport d’activité, période allant du 1er janvier au 31 décembre 1967. Section de génétique. Centre de recherches sur l’élevage et les productions fourragères en haute Belgique 1967b. p.9. (Mimeo.) Faculté de Médecine Vétérinaire, Cureghem-Bruxelles

Hanset R. Un aperçu des travaux réalisés par la section génétique du centre de recherches sur l’élevage et les productions fourragères en haute Belgique [January-December] 1968. p.8. (Mimeo.) Facultéde Médecine Vétérinaire, Cureghem-Bruxelles

Kidwell J. F., Vernon E. H., Crown R. M., Singleton C. B. Muscular hypertrophy in cattle. Jour. Heredity. 1952. 43:62-68.

Kronacher C. Genetik und tierzüchtung in Baur (E.), Hartmann (M.). Handbuch der Vererbungswissenschaft. 1934. 3: Berlin: Geb. Borntraeger. p. 130-44. VI-280 S.

Lauvergne J. J., Vissac B., Perramon A. Étude du caractère culard. I. Mise au point bibliographique. Annls. Zootech. 1963. 12:135-56.

Lauvergne J. J., Boyazoglu J. G., Hubert Denise. Le phenomène culard chez les bovins. Bibliographic annotée. Bull. Tech. Dép. Génét. anim. (Inst. natn. Rech, agron., Fr.) No. 1968. 2:iv-49.

Logeay B., Vissac B. Étude du caractère culard. V. Expérience de croisements entre bovins culards et normaux. Ann. Génét. Sél. anim. 1970. 2:5-17.

MacKellar J. C. The occurrence of muscular hypertrophy in South Devon cattle. Vet. Rec. 1960. 72:507-10.

Oliver W. M., Cartwright T. C. Double muscling in cattle. Dept. of Animal Sci., Texas Agric. Exp. Sta. College Station, Texas, Departmental Tech. Rept. no. 1968. 12:58

Paci C. Indagini e controlli sulla formazione della sottorazza albese. Riv. Zootec. 1935. 12:149-54. 159, 197-202, 207-8, 240-50, 255, 389-94, 399-401, 480-86, and 491-94.

Raimondi Raimondo. Studio sui bovini peimontesi “a groppa doppia.”. 1957. 99: Torrino: Annali. Accad. Agric. 61p.

Raimondi Raimondo. Risultati di una prova di allevamento di bovini piemontesi del tipo “della coscia.”. Annali Sper. Agr. 1963. 17:471-89.

Rieger R., Michaelis A., Green M. M. A glossary of genetics and cytogenetics. 1968. 3rd Ed.Springer-Verlog New York Inc. 507p.

Rollins W. C., Loy R. G., Carroll F. D., Wagnon K. A. Heterotic effects in reproduction and growth to weaning in crosses of the Angus, Hereford, and Shorthorn breeds. Jour. Anim. Sci. 1969. 28:431-36.

Rollins W. C., Wagnon K. A., Carroll F. D., Loy R. G. Hybrid vigor estimates for first backcross of crisscross breeding systems involving Angus and Hereford breeds. Calif. Agr. 1970. 24(5):6-7.

Salisbury G. W., Vandemark N. L. Physiology of reproduction and artificial insemination of cattle. 1961. San Francisco: W. H. Freeman and Company. 639p.

Smith W. H. The occurrence of the double muscled character in beef cattle 1949. p.65. M. A. thesis. Kansas State University, Manhattan, Kansas

Sop?na Quesada A., Cachafeiro Blanco, Eugenia M. El caracter “culón” en el ganado vacuno. Zootechnia. 1970a. 19:489-99. DOI: 10.1051/animres:19700423 [CrossRef]

Sop?na Quesada A., Cachafeiro Blanco, Eugenia M. Transmision genetica del caracter “culón” en el ganado vacuno. Zootechnia. 1970b. 19:501-26. DOI: 10.1051/animres:19700433 [CrossRef]

Tanabe T. Y., Casida L. E. The nature of reproductive failures in cows of low fertility. Jour. Dairy Sci. 1949. 23:237-46. DOI: 10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(49)92034-2 [CrossRef]

Weber A. D., Ibsen Heman L. The occurrence of the double-muscled character in purebred beef cattle. Proc. Amer. Soc. Anim. Prod. 1934. pp.228-32.

Wijeratne W. V. S. Apparent failure of survival of young embryos between the 4 to 16 week of gestational age in cattle with reference to genetic factors (Abstr.). 1971. 55:24 Papers for the 52nd meeting of the B.S.A.P. (British Society of Animal Production). London. Abstr. No.

Winters L. M., Green W. W., Comstock R. E. Prenatal development of the bovine. Minnesota Agr. Exp. Sta. Tech. Bull. 1942. 151:44

Wreidt C. H. R. Die Vererbung des doppellender—characters bei rindern. Z. indukt. Abstamm.-u Vererblehre. 1929. 51:482-86.

Rollins W, Tanaka M, Nott C, Thiessen R. 1972. On the mode of inheritance of double-muscled conformation in bovines. Hilgardia 41(14):433-453. DOI:10.3733/hilg.v41n14p433
Webmaster Email: sjosterman@ucanr.edu