University of California

Influence of processing method on energy utilization of feed grains


W. N. Garrett
G. P. Lofgreen
J. L. Hull

Authors Affiliations

W. N. Garrett was Professor of Animal Science and Nutritionist in the Experiment Station, University of California, Davis; G. P. Lofgreen was Professor of Animal Science and Nutritionist in the Experiment Station, University of California, Imperial Valley Field Station, El Centro; J. L. Hull was Specialist in Animal Science, University of California, Davis.

Publication Information

Hilgardia 41(6):123-156. DOI:10.3733/hilg.v41n06p123. October 1971.

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A comparative slaughter-feeding trial technique was used to determine the influence of various steam-processing treatments on the energy utilization and feeding value of wheat, corn, barley and milo for feedlot cattle. Processing of wheat, corn and barley by various steam-pressure-time combinations did not consistently improve their value compared to processing by a standard steam-rolling procedure. Steam-pressure processing of milo resulted in a 10 per cent improvement in the net energy for gain value of high-grain rations. The optimum time-pressure steam treatment was approximately 1.5 ± .5 minutes at 3.5 ± .5 kg/cm2. The improvement in the feeding value of steam-pressure-processed milo seems to be due to small, but additive, beneficial effects associated with an improvement in energy digestibility, more rapid rumen fermentation, and decreased food intake.

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Garrett W, Lofgreen G, Hull J. 1971. Influence of processing method on energy utilization of feed grains. Hilgardia 41(6):123-156. DOI:10.3733/hilg.v41n06p123
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