Effect of three nitrogen fertilizers on gains, losses, and distribution of various elements in irrigated lysimeters
AuthorsP. F. Pratt
G. H. Cannell
M. J. Garber
F. L. Bair
Authors AffiliationsP. F. Pratt was Professor of Soil Science, and Chemist in the Experiment Station, Riverside; G. H. Cannell was Lecturer in Vegetable Crops, and Associate Soil Physicist in the Experiment Station, Riverside; M. J. Garber was Professor of Biometry, and Biometrician, Computer Center, Riverside; F. L. Bair was Laboratory Technician, Department of Soils and Plant Nutrition, Riverside.
Hilgardia 38(8):265-283. DOI:10.3733/hilg.v38n08p265. June 1967.
PDF of full article, Cite this article
Nitrogen from three sources—(NH4)2SO4, Ca(NO3)2, NH4OH—was applied to four irrigated soils during a five-year lysimeter experiment. Effects on yields, irrigation water used, salinity of soil and drainage water, and soil acidity were studied. Gains or losses of other elements were also recorded. Yields of Swiss chard and corn were not affected by the (NH4)2SO4, Ca(NO3)2, and NH4OH materials, but the Ca(NO3)2 resulted in higher nitrogen content of plants. The (NH4)2SO4 acidified the soil, caused higher losses of Ca in the drainage water of one soil, and produced higher total salt in all soils. The Ca(NO3)2 and NH4OH materials produced similar effects. The Ca in Ca(NO3)2 was largely precipitated.
Bower C. A. Predictions of the effects of irrigation waters on soils. Salinity problems in the arid zones. Proc. UNESCO Teheran Symposium. Arid Zone Research. 1961. XIV:215-22.
Broadbent F. E., Chapman H. D. A lysimeter investigation of gains, losses, and balance of salts and plant nutrients in an irrigated soil. Soil Sci. Soc. Amer. Proc. 1949. 14:263-69.
Chapman H.D., Liebig G. F., Rayner D. S. A lysimeter investigation of nitrogen gains and losses under various systems of cover-cropping and fertilization, and a discussion of error sources. Hilgardia. 1949. 19(3):57-128. DOI: 10.3733/hilg.v19n03p057 [CrossRef]
Harrold L. L., Dreibelbis F. R. Evaluation of agricultural hydrology by monolith lysimeters. USDA Tech. Bul. 1958. 1179:
Kohnke H., Dreibelbis F. R., Davidson J. M. A survey and discussion of lysimeters and a bibliography on their construction and performance. USDA Misc. Pub. 1940. 372:
Millar C. E., Turk L. M. Soil science. 1951. New York: John Wiley and Sons, Inc. 510p.
Pratt P. F., Bair F. L. Depletion and accumulation of trace elements in irrigated soils. California Agriculture. 1964. 18(6):11
Pratt P. F., Chapman H. D. Gains and losses of mineral elements in an irrigated soil during a 20-year lysimeter investigation. Hilgardia. 1961. 30(16):445-67. DOI: 10.3733/hilg.v30n16p445 [CrossRef]
Pratt P. F., Branson R. L., Chapman H. D. Effect of crop, fertilizer and leaching on carbonate precipitation and sodium accumulation in soil irrigated with water containing bicarbonate. Seventh Intern. Congr. Soil Sci., Madison, Wisconsin. 1960. II:185-92.
Pratt P. F., Harding R. B., Jones W. W., Chapman H. D. Chemical changes in an irrigated soil during 28 years of differential fertilization. Hilgardia. 1959. 28(15):381-420. DOI: 10.3733/hilg.v28n15p381 [CrossRef]