University of California

Symptoms induced by some species of aphids feeding on ferns


Henry H. P. Severin
C. M. Tompkins

Authors Affiliations

Henry H. P. Severin was Entomologist in the Experiment Station, Berkeley; C. M. Tompkins was Associate Plant Pathologist in the Experiment Station, Berkeley.

Publication Information

Hilgardia 20(5):81-92. DOI:10.3733/hilg.v20n05p081. July 1950.

PDF of full article, Cite this article


Abstract does not appear. First page follows.

During the past five years, 25 large birds-nest ferns (Asplenium nidus) have been kept in a greenhouse at the University of California, Berkeley. In the spring of 1949 five of these plants developed chlorotic circular and spindle-shaped areas extending laterally from the midrib (plate 1) on the fronds. No aphids were found on any of the plants.

On May 10, 1949, two large birds-nest ferns with dark green streaks on the fronds were found in a greenhouse in San Francisco. One hundred small plants were obtained from the same nursery, and after transplanting in five-inch clay pots, ten plants developed dark green streaks on several of the youngest fronds. No symptoms appeared on the newly developing fronds. Again no aphids were found on birds-nest ferns in greenhouses in San Francisco and San Mateo Counties.

Review of Literature

(Severin, Horn, and Frazier (1945))4 reviewed the literature on plant symptoms induced by the feeding of a leaf hopper, and described certain symptoms, resembling those of curly top and aster yellows, induced by the saliva of Xerophloea vanduzeei Lawson. On sugar beets (Beta vulgaris) the saliva induced cleared veinlets, previously considered a reliable symptom of curly top. On China aster (Callistephus chinensis) it caused cleared venation with yellow veinbanding, stunting of the plants, development of axillary shoots from the bud in the axil of the leaves, and virescence of the flowers, all symptoms being similar to those of aster yellows. The most striking effect produced by the feeding of the leafhoppers was color-breaking in the petals of asters.

In a recent paper, (Severin (1947)) described the symptoms induced by ten species of noninfective leafhoppers, all vectors of the California-aster-yellows virus, on the leaves of healthy China aster, Golden S elf-Blanching celery (Apium graveolens var. dulce), and sugar-beet plants. Nymphs of Idiodonus heidemanni Ball are yellow in color, and each nymph in feeding on an aster leaf causes a yellow discoloration, presumably serving as a protective resemblance.

Literature Cited

DeLong D. M., Severin H. H. P. Characters, distribution, and food plants of leafhopper species in Thamnotettix group. Hilgardia. 1948. 18(4):185-99. DOI: 10.3733/hilg.v17n01p001 [CrossRef]

Rawlins T. E., Tompkins C. M. Studies on the effect of carborundum as an abrasive in plant virus inoculations. Phytopathology. 1936. 26(6):578-87.

Severin H. H. P., Freitag J. H. Western celery mosaic. Hilgardia. 1938. 11(9):493-558. DOI: 10.3733/hilg.v11n09p493 [CrossRef]

Severin H. H. P., Horn F. D., Frazier N. W. Certain symptoms resembling those of curly top or aster yellows, induced by saliva of Xerophloea vanduzeei. Hilgardia. 1945. 16(7):335-60. DOI: 10.3733/hilg.v16n07p335 [CrossRef]

Severin H. H. P. Plant symptoms induced by feeding of some leafhopper species. Hilgardia. 1947. 17(5):219-26. DOI: 10.3733/hilg.v17n05p217 [CrossRef]

Severin H. H. P. Transmission of California-aster-yellows virus by leafhopper species in Thamnotettix group. Hilgardia. 1948. 18(4):203-16. DOI: 10.3733/hilg.v18n04p201 [CrossRef]

Severin H. H. P., Tompkins C. M. Aphid transmission of cauliflower-mosaic virus. Hilgardia. 1948a. 18(11):389-404. DOI: 10.3733/hilg.v18n11p389 [CrossRef]

Severin H. H. P., Tompkins C. M. Aphid transmission of mild-mosaic virus of annual stock. Hilgardia. 1948b. 18(15):539-52. DOI: 10.3733/hilg.v20n06p093 [CrossRef]

Severin H, Tompkins C. 1950. Symptoms induced by some species of aphids feeding on ferns. Hilgardia 20(5):81-92. DOI:10.3733/hilg.v20n05p081
Webmaster Email: sjosterman@ucanr.edu