University of California

The chemical status of zinc in the soil with methods of analysis


P. L. Hibbard

Author Affiliations

P. L. Hibbard was Chemist in the Experiment Station, Emeritus.

Publication Information

Hilgardia 13(1):1-29. DOI:10.3733/hilg.v13n01p001. January 1940.

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Zinc has long been known to occur in the soil in minute amounts, but little is known about the forms in which it occurs and the extent to which it occurs in forms available to plants. Rather recently, zinc deficiencies have been shown to be a cause of certain disorders of plants. In California an elaborate, systematic investigation has been made of the relation of zinc to little-leaf of deciduous fruit trees and to mottle-leaf of citrus trees; the history of this investigation and a review of literature on the subject is given by Chandler (6)4. These discoveries have emphasized the need for a laboratory test for available zinc in soils.

Twenty or thirty years ago, a few European workers reported studies on zinc naturally present in soils and on its importance as a plant nutrient.

Literature Cited

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[2] Ark P. A. Soil microflora and little-leaf disease. Amer. Soc. Hort Sci. Proc. 1937. 34:216-21.

[3] Barnette R. M., Camp J. P., Warner J. D., Gall O. E. The use of zinc sulphate under corn and other field crops. Florida Agr. Exp. Sta. Bul. 1936. 292:1-51.

[4] Boggs Hugh M., Alben A. O. Determination of zinc in soils. Indus. and Engin. Chem., analyt. ed. 1936. 8:97-99. DOI: 10.1021/ac50100a005 [CrossRef]

[5] Burd J. S., Martin J. C. Water displacement of soils and the soil solution. Jour. Agr. Sci. 1923. 13:265-95. DOI: 10.1017/S0021859600003579 [CrossRef]

[6] Chandler W. H. Zinc as a nutrient for plants. Bot. Gaz. 1937. 98:625-46. DOI: 10.1086/334670 [CrossRef]

[7] Furnstal A. H. A simple rotating ball mill. Indus. and Engin. Chem., analyt. ed. 1935. 7:342 DOI: 10.1021/ac50097a021 [CrossRef]

[8] Hibbard P. L. A dithizone method for measurement of small amounts of zinc. Indus. and Engin. Chem., analyt. ed. 1937. 9:127 DOI: 10.1021/ac50107a009 [CrossRef]

[9] Hibbard P. L. Estimation of copper, zinc, and cobalt (with nickel) in soil extracts. Indus. and Engin. Chem., analyt. ed. 1938. 10:615 DOI: 10.1021/ac50126a015 [CrossRef]

[10] Jones H. W., Gall O. E., Barnette R. M. The reaction of zinc sulfate with the soil. Florida Agr. Exp. Sta. Bul. 1936. 298:1-41.

[11] Steinberg Robert A. Nutrient-solution purification for removal of heavy metals in deficiency investigations with Aspergillus niger. Jour. Agr. Research. 1935. 51(5):413

Hibbard P. 1940. The chemical status of zinc in the soil with methods of analysis. Hilgardia 13(1):1-29. DOI:10.3733/hilg.v13n01p001
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