University of California

Inheritance of resistance to powdery mildew in beans


Bjarne Dundas

Author Affiliations

Bjarne Dundas was Graduate student in the Division of Plant Pathology.

Publication Information

Hilgardia 10(8):241-253. DOI:10.3733/hilg.v10n08p241. November 1936.

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Abstract does not appear. First page follows.

Powdery Mildew (Erysiphe polygoni D.C.) I frequently causes considerable loss in beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) grown in the coastal districts of California. Among the numerous bean varieties grown in test plots at Berkeley each season by W. W. Mackie, of the Division of Agronomy, differences in varietal susceptibility have been apparent.

In the summer of 1932 the mildew was very abundant at Berkeley, but the Pinto and some other varieties were not infected. The following winter crosses were made in the greenhouse between these and certain other varieties with the idea of studying the inheritance of resistance and introducing resistance into commercial varieties which lack it.

Methods Employed in Inoculation Tests

The reaction of the bean plants to mildew was determined by inoculating detached leaflets floated on a sugar solution in petri dishes, a method used by Yarwood(4)4 in his work with the powdery mildew of red clover. This method has numerous advantages. Plants may be grown in the greenhouse and tested at any time of the year, and uniformity of inoculum and environmental conditions during inoculation tests are insured. The same single-spore culture of the mildew was propagated in petri dishes free from contamination by other strains of mildew and was used in all of the inoculation tests, which extended over a period of more than three years.

Length of Life of the Detached Leaflets.—Tests made to determine what substrate was most favorable to prolonged life of the detached bean leaflets showed that a 10 percent solution of sucrose was superior to several higher and lower concentrations tested and to pure water or Hoagland culture solution. In petri dishes leaves floated on a 10 percent sucrose solution or lying on cotton saturated with this solution remained alive (turgid and normal green in color) two to three weeks at room temperature and over a month at 80°C with a maximum of 55 days at 8°, 12 days at 25°, and 7 days at 31°.

Literature Cited

[1] Dundas Bjarne. Growing powdery mildew on detached bean leaflets and breeding for resistance [Abstract.]. Phytopathology. 1934. 24:1137

[2] Obermiller Julius, Goertz Martha. Die Einstellung von Luft auf bestimmte Trocknungs- oder Feuchtnungsgrade mit Hilfe von Salzen und ähnlichen Stoffen, und das “relative Trocknungsvermögen” der Stoffe als Mass ihrer Hygroskopie. Ztschr. Phys. Chem., Stöchiometrie, und Verwandtschaftslehre. 1924. 109:145-164.

[3] Spencer H. M. Laboratory methods for maintaining constant humidity. International Critical Tables. 1926. 6:67-68.

[4] Yarwood C. Powdery mildew of red clover [Abstract.]. Phytopathology. 1931. 21:133

Dundas B. 1936. Inheritance of resistance to powdery mildew in beans. Hilgardia 10(8):241-253. DOI:10.3733/hilg.v10n08p241
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