Inheritance of resistance to bunt, Tilletia tritici, in hybrids of Turkey wheats C. I. 1558B and C. I. 2578
AuthorFred N. Briggs
Author AffiliationsFred N. Briggs was Assistant Professor of Agronomy and Assistant Agronomist in the Experiment Station.
Hilgardia 10(1):17-25. DOI:10.3733/hilg.v10n01p017. January 1936.
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Turkey is the name most commonly applied to the Crimean group of hard red winter wheats grown in the United States. In 1924, according to Clark and his eo-workers.(11) the hard red winter wheats comprised 41.4 per cent of the total wheat acreage in this country; and Turkey, including Kanred, made up 91.7 per cent of the acreage devoted to hard red winter wheat. At that time, therefore, over 36 per cent of the entire wheat acreage was devoted to Turkey. This type of wheat was first brought to the United States in 1873 and was grown in Kansas.(8) Since that time numerous introductions have been made both by private and by public agencies. Other names that have been applied to the type are Alberta Red, Argentine, Bulgarian, Crimean, Defiance, Egyptian, Hard Winter, Hundred-and-One, Hungarian, Improved Turkey, Kharkoff, Lost Freight, Malcome, Malakof, Minnesota Red Cross, Minnesota Reliable, Pioneer Turkey, Red Russian, Red Winter, Romanella, Russian, Taurenian, Theiss, Turkey Red, Turkish Red, Ulta, Wisconsin No. 18, and World’s Champion.
Recently certain strains of Turkey wheat have been distributed under other varietal names based on performance records and slight morphological differences. It has been long recognized that there are both morphological and physiological differences between certain of these Turkey strains. Sherman(9) and Oro(10) are two such wheats.
The Turkey wheats have been an important source of varieties resistant to bunt (Tilletia tritici), for genetic studies and for the production of other resistant varieties. Of the 17 most resistant varieties discovered by Tisdale and his co-workers.(14) 11 were Turkey wheats.
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 Kiesselbach T. A., Anderson Arthur. Breeding winter wheats for resistance to stinking smut. Nebraska Agr. Exp. Sta. Research Bul. 1930. 51:1-22.
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