University of California

Studies of the breeding of sugar beets for resistance to curly top


Katherine Esau

Author Affiliations

Katherine Esau was Graduate Assistant in Botany.

Publication Information

Hilgardia 4(14):415-440. DOI:10.3733/hilg.v04n14p415. April 1930.

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Abstract does not appear. First page follows.

The nature of the injury caused by curly top and the importance of this disease to the sugar-beet industry in certain western states have been recognized for many years and have been discussed by Ball,(2) Carsner and Stahl,(5) and Severin.(9), (10)

Studies of the behavior of beets affected with curly top have shown that individual beets vary as to their susceptibility to this disease. Reference is made here not only to observations of the writer but to those of Carsner and Stahl(5) and Carsner.(3) These observations have suggested the possibility of developing curly-top-resistant strains by selecting the least affected individuals among infected beets in commercial fields.

Carsner(3) has shown that resistance to curly top is an inherent characteristic in individual beets. Several of the strains which he selected for resistance to curly top were definitely more resistant than the commercial beets with which they were compared. Furthermore, he found that some other morphologically. uniform strains which were developed without reference to curly top showed constant differences in susceptibility to this disease.

Literature Cited

[1] Archimovitch A. Regulation of pollination in sugar beet. Bul. of the Belaya Cerkov Plant Breeding Station of the Sugar Trust. 1928. 4(series 2):1-41.

[2] Ball E. D. The beet leafhopper and the curly leaf disease that it transmits. Utah Agr. Exp. Sta. Bul. 1917. 155:1-56.

[3] Carsner E. Resistance in sugar beets to curly-top. U. S. Dept. Agr. Dept. Cir. 1926. 388:1-7.

[4] Carsner E. Attenuation of the virus of the sugar beet curly top. Phytopath. 1926. 15:745-758.

[5] Carsner E., Stahl C. F. Studies on curly-top disease of the sugar beet. Jour. Agr. Res. 1924. 28:297-319.

[6] Grinko T. F. Samoopyljajushchijesja rasy sakharnoj svekly [Self fertile lines in sugar beet.]. Ivanovskaya Plant Breeding Station of the Sugar Trust Bul. 1927. 4:47-63.

[7] Hallquist C. Über freiwilliges Selbstbestäuben bei Beta. Hereditas. 1927. 9:411-418.

[8] Lackey C. F. Attenuation of curly top virus by resistant sugar beets which are symptomless carriers. Phytopath. 1929. 10:975-977.

[9] Severin H. H. P. The beet leafhopper. A report on investigations in California. Facts about Sugar. 1919. 8:130-131. 134; 150-151; 170-171, 173; 190-191; 210-211; 230-231; 250-255

[10] Seiverin H. H. P. Curly top symptoms on the sugar beet. California Agr. Exp. Sta. Bul. 1929. 465:1-35. http://archive.org/details/curlytopsymptoms465seve

[11] Seiverin H. H. P., Henderson C. F. Some host plants of curly top. Hilgardia. 1928. 3:339-393. DOI: 10.3733/hilg.v03n13p339 [CrossRef]

Esau K. 1930. Studies of the breeding of sugar beets for resistance to curly top. Hilgardia 4(14):415-440. DOI:10.3733/hilg.v04n14p415
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