University of California

Certain water relations of the genus Prunus


Arthur H. Hendrickson

Publication Information

Hilgardia 1(19):479-524. DOI:10.3733/hilg.v01n19p479. June 1926.

PDF of full article, Cite this article


Abstract does not appear. First page follows.

This paper is based on a comparative study of stomatal behavior and moisture content of trees of the genus Prunus during the rainless summer months in California, where they are grown under conditions of both abundant and scanty soil moisture.

The behavior of stomata in relation to transpiration has been a riddle to physiologists. Lloyd,(15)-(16) working with Fauquiera splendens in Arizona, first stated that the regulatory effect of stomata on transpiration was almost nil. Later he modified this view and showed that transpirational losses followed stomatal opening. Other physiologists thought that, except for the small water loss due to cuticular transpiration, the stomata controlled the transpirational losses. Francis Darwin,(3) Knight,(10)-(11) and others studied the action of stomata by means of the porometer. This device consisted of a hollow receptacle fastened to the leaf, through which a stream of air was drawn. From the amount of air which could be drawn through a leaf under carefully controlled conditions, these workers drew their conclusions regarding the transpiration of the plant. The value of this method was problematical and Darwin and Pertz(4) stated that “it is not certain that we shall ever be able to deduce the size of stomata from readings of the porometer.”

Literature Cited

[1] Balls W. L. The stomatograph. Proc. Royal Soc. London. 1912. 85:33-44. DOI: 10.1098/rspb.1912.0022 [CrossRef]

[2] Briggs L. J., Shantz H. L. The wilting coefficient and its direct determination. Bot. Gaz. 1912. 53:20-37. DOI: 10.1086/330708 [CrossRef]

[3] Darwin F. On the relation between transpiration and stomatal aperture. Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc. London. 1915. B207:413-437. DOI: 10.1098/rstb.1916.0009 [CrossRef]

[4] Darwin F., Pertz D. F. M. On a new method of estimating the aperture of stomata. Proc. Roy. Soc. London. 1911. 84:136-154. DOI: 10.1098/rspb.1911.0058 [CrossRef]

[5] Dixon H. H. Transpiration and the ascent of sap. 1914. VI:1-215. DOI: 10.5962/bhl.title.44194 [CrossRef]

[6] Dole E. J. Studies on the effects of air temperature and relative humidity on the transpiration of Pinus Strobus. Vermont Agr. Exp. Sta. Bull. 1924. 238:1-39.

[7] Gain E. Action de l’eau du sol sur la végétation. Rev. Gén. Bot. 1895. 7:15-123.

[8] Gray J., Peirce G. J. The influence of light upon the action of stomata. Amer. Jour. Bot. 1919. 6:131-155. DOI: 10.2307/2435124 [CrossRef]

[9] Hendrickson A. H. Transpiration rate of deciduous fruit trees as influenced by irrigation and other factors. Proc. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 1921. pp.145-148.

[10] Knight R. C. On the use of the porometer in stomatal investigations. Ann. Bot. 1916. 30:57-76.

[11] Knight R. C. Interrelation of stomatal aperture, leaf water content and transpiration rate. Ann. Bot. 1917. 31:221-240.

[12] Laidlaw C. G. P., Knight R. C. A description of a recording porometer and on stomatal behavior. Ann. Bot. 1916. 30:47-56.

[13] Livingston B. E., Brown W. H. Relation of the daily march of transpiration to variations in the water content of foliage leaves. Bot. Gaz. 1912. 53:309-330. DOI: 10.1086/330806 [CrossRef]

[14] Loftfield J. V. G. The behavior of stomata. Carnegie Inst. Washington Publ. 1921. 314:1-104. DOI: 10.5962/bhl.title.28788 [CrossRef]

[15] Lloyd F. E. Physiology of stomata. Carnegie Inst. Washington Publ. 1908. 82:1-142. DOI: 10.5962/bhl.title.24716 [CrossRef]

[16] Lloyd F. E. Relation of transpiration and stomatal movements to the water content of the leaves of Fouquiera splendens. Plant World. 1912. 15:1-14.

[17] Lloyd F. E. Leaf water and stomatal movement in Gossypium and a method of direct visual observation of stomata in situ. Bull. Torr. Bot. Club. 1913. 40:1-26. DOI: 10.2307/2479849 [CrossRef]

[18] Shreve Edith. Daily march of transpiration in a desert perennial. Carnegie Inst. Washington Publ. 1914. 194:1-64. DOI: 10.5962/bhl.title.27881 [CrossRef]

[19] Student. Tables for estimating the probability that the mean of a unique sample of observations lies between — 00 and any given distance of the mean of the population from which the sample is drawn. Biometrika. 1917. 11:414-417.

[20] Viehmeyer F. J., Israelsen O. W., Conrad J. P. The moisture equivalent as influenced by the amount of soil used in its determination. California Coll. of Agr. Exp. Sta. Tech. Paper. 1924. 16:1-60.

Hendrickson A. 1926. Certain water relations of the genus Prunus. Hilgardia 1(19):479-524. DOI:10.3733/hilg.v01n19p479
Webmaster Email: sjosterman@ucanr.edu