University of California

Peach size affects storage, market life


Carlos H. Crisosto
David Garner
Luis Cid
Kevin R. Day

Authors Affiliations

C.H. Crisosto is Postharvest Physiologist; D. Garner is Staff Research Associate, Kearney Agricultural Center; L. Cid is Professor, University of Concepción, Department of Mathematics, Concepción, Chile; K.R. Day is Tree Fruit Farm Advisor, UCCE, Tulare County.

Publication Information

Hilgardia 53(5):33-36. DOI:10.3733/ca.v053n05p33. September 1999.

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During the 1995 season, large (~275g), medium (~175g) and small (~125g) ‘O'Henry’ peaches were stored in either air, 5% CO2 + 2% O2 or 17% CO2 + 6% O2 at 380F (3.30C). Large ‘O'Henry’ peaches benefited more from the 17% CO2 + 6% O2 than from either the 5% CO2 + 2% O2 or the air storage treatment. During the 1996 season, large, medium and small ‘Elegant Lady’ and ‘O'Henry’ peaches were stored in air or in 17% CO2 + 6% O2 at either 320F (00C) or 380F. Fruit size, storage atmosphere and temperature all had significant effects on chilling injury development. Small peaches stored in air at 320F had a longer market life than large fruit. At both storage temperatures, large ‘Elegant Lady’ and ‘O'Henry’ peaches had a longer market life under controlled atmosphere than under air storage. However, at 380F, small ‘Elegant Lady’ fruit in controlled atmosphere showed browning in the flesh. This suggests that 17% CO2 + 6% O2 may induce flesh browning in small ‘Elegant Lady’ peaches. In both years, lack of juiciness (mealiness/leatheriness) was observed before the development of flesh browning. Thus market life depended on the incidence of mealiness/leatheriness rather than on flesh browning.

Further reading

Carrier Corporation. Controlled Atmosphere Handbook: A Guide for Shipment of Perishable Cargo in Refrigerated Containers. 1995. Syracuse, New York: Carrier Corporation. 93p.

Crisosto CH, Johnson RS, DeJong T, Day KR. Orchard factors affecting postharvest stone fruit quality. Hort Science. 1997. 32:820-3.

Crisosto CH, Mitchell FG, Ju Z. Susceptibility to chilling injury of peach, nectarine and plum cultivars grown in California. Hort Science 1999. (in press)

Kader AA, Kader AA. Modified atmospheres during transport and storage, p. 85-92. Postharvest technology of horticultural crops, Publication 3311. University of California, Division of Agriculture and Natural Resources 1992.

Kader AA, Kader AA. Fruit other than apples and pears, p. 26. Seventh International Controlled Atmosphere Research Conference. Postharvest Horticultural Series, No. 17 1997.

Kader AA, El-Goorani MA, Sommer NF. Postharvest decay, respiration, ethylene production, and quality of peaches held in controlled atmospheres with added carbon monoxide. J Amer Soc Hort Sci. 1982. 107:856-9.

Rushing JW, Dinamarca A. Simulated shipment of peaches, plums, and nectarines under controlled atmospheres, p. 202-22. In: Proceedings of the International Controlled Atmosphere Resources Conference, NRAES-71 1993. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University.

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Wade NL. Effects of storage atmosphere, temperature, and calcium on low temperature injury of peach fruit. Scientia Hort. 1981. 15:145-54. https://doi.org/10.1016/0304-4238(81)90102-3

Crisosto C, Garner D, Cid L, Day K. 1999. Peach size affects storage, market life. Hilgardia 53(5):33-36. DOI:10.3733/ca.v053n05p33
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