University of California

Effect of soil temperatures and nitrogen fertilization on soft chess


M. B. Jones
C. M. Mckell
S. S. Winans

Authors Affiliations

M. B. Jones is Assistant Agronomist, University of California, Hopland Field Station; C. M. McKell is Assistant Agronomist, U.C., Riverside; S. S. Winans is Laboratory Technician, Hopland Field Station.

Publication Information

Hilgardia 17(5):12-14. DOI:10.3733/ca.v017n05p12. May 1963.

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Previous tests have shown that nitrogen applied to California's annual rangeland increases the length of the grazing season by increasing the growth of grass during the winter. However, recent studies at the Hopland Field Station covering a two-year period indicate that growth rate of the common annual grass, soft chess (Bromus mollis), increased very little when the average soil temperature dropped below 45°F. Grass fertilized with nitrogen showed the greatest increase in growth compared with unfertilized grass when the average soil temperature was between 47° and 55°F. When the temperature went above 55°F, the difference between growth of fertilized and unfertilized grass decreased.

Jones M, Mckell C, Winans S. 1963. Effect of soil temperatures and nitrogen fertilization on soft chess. Hilgardia 17(5):12-14. DOI:10.3733/ca.v017n05p12
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