Self-incompatibility in species of Lycopersicon Sect. Eriopersicon and hybrids with L. esculentum
AuthorsDonald C. McGuire
Charles M. Rick
Authors AffiliationsDonald C. McGuire was Formerly Research Assistant, Department of Vegetable Crops, now Assistant Professor and Assistant Olericulturist in Hawaii Agricultural Experiment Station; Charles M. Rick was Associate Professor of Vegetable Crops and Associate Geneticist in the Experiment Station.
Hilgardia 23(4):101-124. DOI:10.3733/hilg.v23n04p101. November 1954.
All tested plants of 11 accessions of the typical form of Lycopersicon peruvianum and 11 of its variety dentatum were found to be self-incompatible. Reactions tested extensively in one collection conformed exactly to the Nicotiana scheme. In addition, the other available species of the green-fruited subgenus Eriopersicon—L. peruvianum var. humifusum, L. glandulosum, and L. hirsutum—are self-incompatible, the reaction in the three species seeming to be as strong in their native habitat as in cultures in California. The species of the red-fruited subgenus Eulycopersicon are self-fertile, as is also L. hirsutum f. glabratum.
Although the barrier to incompatible pollinations in L. peruvianum is very severe, a few seeds may be produced from incompatible matings by plants of slightly reduced vigor. All attempts to induce pseudo-fertility by means of various treatments failed.
Hybrids of L. esculentum and L. peruvianum are as highly self-incompatible as the latter parent, but matings between hybrids of different parentage are highly compatible. As pistillate parents, these hybrids cross readily with L. peruvianum but not with L. esculentum, but as staminate parents they mate successfully with L. esculentum but not with L. peruvianum. With a few exceptions the same mating relations were found between the F2 and the parental species.
These compatibilities can be explained if it is assumed that the S oppositional factors act in the Fj and F, hybrids in the same fashion as in L. peruvianum, but also oppose pollen bearing se, a recessive fertility allele from L. esculentum.
Alexander L. J., Lincoln Ralph, Wright Vedder. A survey of the genus Lycopersicon for resistance to the important tomato diseases occurring in Ohio and Indiana. Plant Disease Reporter Suppl. 1942. 136:
Anderson F., De Winton D. The genetic analysis of an unusual relationship between self-sterility and self-fertility in Nicotiana. Mo. Bot. Gard. Ann. 1931. 18:97-116. DOI: 10.2307/2394046 [CrossRef]
Bohn G. W. Sesquidiploid F1 hybrids of Lycopersicon esculentum and L. peruvianum. Jour. Ag. Res. 1948. 77:33-53.
Chandler C. A method for staining pollen tubes within the pistil. Stain Technol. 1931. 6:25-26.
Cottrell-Dormer W. An electric pollinator for tomatoes. Queensland Jour. Agr. Sci. 1945. 2:157-69.
Crane M. B. Heredity of types of inflorescence and fruit in tomato. Jour. Genet. 1915. 5:1-12. DOI: 10.1007/BF02982149 [CrossRef]
East E. M. Self-sterility. Bibliogr. Genet. 1929. 5:331-70.
East E. M., Mangelsdorf A. J. A new interpretation of the behavior of self-sterile plants. Natl. Acad. Sci. Proc. 1925. 11:166-71. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.11.2.166 [CrossRef]
East E. M., Park J. B. Studies on self-sterility I. The behavior of self-sterile plants. Genetics. 1917. 2:505-609.
Emerson S. Growth of incompatible pollen tubes in Oenothera organensis. Bot. Gaz. 1940. 101:890-911. DOI: 10.1086/334923 [CrossRef]
Eyster W. H. The induction of fertility in genetically self-sterile plants. Science. 1941. 94:144-46. DOI: 10.1126/science.94.2432.144-a [CrossRef]
Gerstel D. U., Riner M. E. Self-incompatibility studies in guayule. Jour. Hered. 1950. 41:49-55.
Hughes M. B., Babcock E. B. Self-incompatibility in Crepis foetida (L.) subsp. rhoeadifolia (Bieb.) Shinz et Keller. Genetics. 1950. 35:570-88.
Kakizaki Y. Studies on the genetics and physiology of self and cross incompatibility in the common cabbage. Japanese Jour. Bot. 1930. 5:134-208.
Lamm Robert. Self-incompatibility in Lycopersicon peruvianum Mill. Hereditas. 1950. 36(4):509-11.
Lesley J. W. Plant breeding methods and current problems in developing improved varieties of tomatoes. Econ. Bot. 1948. 2:100-10. DOI: 10.1007/BF02907925 [CrossRef]
Lesley M. M. A cytological basis for sterility in tomato hybrids. Jour. Hered. 1950. 41:26-28.
Lesley M. M., Lesley J. W. Hybrids of the Chilean tomato. Jour. Hered. 1943. 34:199-205.
Lewis D. Incompatibility in flowering plants. Biol. Rev. 1949. 24:472-96. DOI: 10.1111/j.1469-185X.1949.tb00584.x [CrossRef]
Luckwill L. C. The genus Lycopersicon, an historical, biological and taxonomic survey of the wild and cultivated tomatoes. 1943. Aberdeen Univ. Press. 44p. Aberdeen Univ. Studies No. 120
MacArthur J. W., Chiasson L. P. Cytogenetic notes on tomato species and hybrids. Genetics. 1947. 32:165-77.
Mann L. K., Minges P. A. Experiments on setting fruit with growth-regulating substances and field-grown tomatoes in California. Hilgardia. 1949. 19(10):309-37. DOI: 10.3733/hilg.v19n10p309 [CrossRef]
McGuire D. C. Storage of tomato pollen. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. Proc. 1952. 60:419-24.
Muller C. H. A revision of the genus Lycopersicon. U.S.D.A. Misc. Pub. 1940. p.382.
Nebel B. R. Lacmoid-Martius Yellow for staining pollen tubes in the style. Stain Technol. 1931. 6:27-29.
Pearson O. A. Breeding plants of the cabbage group. California Agr. Exp. Sta. Bul. 1932. 532:1-22. http://archive.org/details/breedingplantsof532pear
Rawlins T. E. Phytopathological and botanical research methods. 1933. New York: John Wiley and Sons.
Rick C. M. Pollination relations of Lycopersicon esculentum in native and foreign regions. Evolution. 1950. 4:110-22. DOI: 10.2307/2405388 [CrossRef]
Riley H. P. The genetics and physiology of self-sterility in the genus Capsella. Genetics. 1936. 21:24-39.
Sears E. R. Cytological phenomena connected with self-sterility in the flowering plants. Genetics. 1937. 22:130-81.
Smith P. G. Embryo culture of a tomato species hybrid. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. Proc. 1944. 44:413-16.
Stout A. B. Self- and cross-pollinations in Cichorium intybus with reference to sterility. New York Bot. Gard. Mem. 1916. 6:333-454.
Stout A. B. Sterility in lilies. Jour. Hered. 1923. 13:369-73.
Stout A. B. The genetics of incompatibilities in homo-morphic flowering plants. Bot. Rev. 1938. 4(6):275-369. DOI: 10.1007/BF02868755 [CrossRef]
Virgin W. J. The Chilean tomato, Lycopersicon chilense found resistant to curly top. Phytopath. 1940. 30:280
Wright Vedder, Lincoln R. E. Resistance to defoliation diseases in tomato. Purdue Agr. Exp. Sta. Ann. Rpt. 1940. 53(1940):42-42.
Also in this issue:Agriculture at Berkeley
Gill tract University of California, Berkeley
Parasites for control of grape leaf folder
Microbial insecticides for control of grape leaf folder
Newer insecticides for the control of grape insect and spider mite pests
Population densities and economic injury levels of grape leafhopper
Effects of road dust on spider mites
Ecology and integrated control of spider mites in San Joaquin vineyards
Protecting young trees from attack by the pacific flatheaded borer
Effects of timing gibberellin sprays for berry sizing on maturity of table Thompson Seedless
RH 315 a new herbicide with potential for weed control in lettuce
Omnivorous leaf roller an important new grape pest in the San Joaquin valley
Seedling survival in a giant sequoia forest