“Organizational classes” explain differences among westside farms
AuthorsMark B. Campbell
Ariel A. Dinar
Authors AffiliationsM. B. Campbell is Director, Management Systems Research, Sacramento; A. Dinar is Visiting Scholar, Department of Agricultural Economics, UC Davis.
Hilgardia 46(1):35-39. DOI:10.3733/ca.v046n01p35. January 1992.
Since the advent of industrialization, social theorists have been analyzing the complex relationships of industrial systems. At the same time, attention to agricultural production systems has waned. The fact that agricultural systems resemble early industrial systems suggests that farms might be studied using the same theories as those applied to industrial organization. That is, farms can be organized according to how they function. Farms which function similarly are said to belong to “organizational classes”. Types or classes of farms perform differently in the ease with which they can adopt to new technology or apply intensive agricultural practices. We used two organizational variables — task specialization and configuration — to distinguish among farm types on the westside of the San Joaquin Valley. Five organization types were defined and found to be significantly different with regard to several production variables including number of full-time and part-time workers, acres farmed and use of computers.
Also in this issue:Competitive displacement: extinction of the yellow scale, Aonidiella citrina (Coq.) (Homoptera: Diaspididae), by its ecological homologue, the California red scale, Aonidiella aurantii (Mask.) in Southern California
Exotic pest research well worth the price
UC develops expanded agenda to combat exotic pests
On the California border, exotic pests pose growing problem for California
Plant quarantines: domestic strategies yield to international policies
The Mediterranean fruit fly in California: taking stock
How Africanized honey bees will affect California agriculture
Ecological research: Long-term studies to gauge effects of invading bees
Biological control of ash whitefly: a success in progress
Sweetpotato whitefly: prospects for biological control
Imported fire ants: potential risk to California
Russian wheat aphid: natural enemies, resistant wheat offer potential control