Absorption and translocation of 2,4-D and amitrole in shoots of the Tokay grape
AuthorsO. A. Leonard
R. J. Weaver
Authors AffiliationsO. A. Leonard was Lecturer in Botany, and Botanist in the Experiment Station, Davis; R. J. Weaver was Professor of Viticulture, and Viticulturist in the Experiment Station, Davis.
Hilgardia 31(9):327-368. DOI:10.3733/hilg.v31n09p327. November 1961.
Absorption and translocation of foliar-applied 2,4-D and amitrole were studied in shoots of the Tokay grape. The major aspect of this study involved investigating the relationship of the position of the treated leaves to the fruit clusters and to the age of the clusters. The techniques of autoradiography--extraction and purification, counting, and chromatography—were used. Such studies were conducted at various periods following application, the maximum time lapse being 112 days.
Physiological significance of the findings is discussed, and practical aspects are considered.
Barrier George E., Loomis W. E. Absorption and translocation of 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid and P32 by leaves. Plant Physiol. 1957. 32:225-31.
Biddulph O., Cory R. Demonstration of two translocation mechanisms in studies of bidirectional movement. Plant Physiol. 1960. 35:689-95. DOI: 10.1104/pp.35.5.689 [CrossRef]
Clor Mahmood Abbas. Comparative studies on translocation of C14-labeled 2,4-D, urea, and aminotriazole in cotton and oaks 1959. Ph.D. thesis, University of California, Davis. 1-139
Clore W. J., Bruns V. F. The sensitivity of the Concord grape to 2,4-D. Proc. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 1953. 61:125-34.
Crafts Alden S. Translocation of herbicides. I. The mechanism of translocation: methods of study with C14-labeled 2,4-D. Hilgardia. 1956. 26(6):287-334. DOI: 10.3733/hilg.v26n06p287 [CrossRef]
Crafts Alden S. Further studies on comparative mobility of labeled herbicides. Plant Physiol. 1959. 34:613-20. DOI: 10.1104/pp.34.6.613 [CrossRef]
Crafts A. S., Yamaguchi S. Comparative tests on the uptake and distribution of labeled herbicides by Zebrina pendula and Tradescantia fluminensis. Hilgardia. 1958. 27(16):421-54. DOI: 10.3733/hilg.v27n16p421 [CrossRef]
Currier H. B., Dybing C. D. Foliar penetration of herbicides—review and present status. Weeds. 1959. 7:195-213.
Esau K., Currier H. B., Cheadle V. I. Physiology of phloem. Ann. Rev. Plant. Phys. 1957. 8:349-74. DOI: 10.1146/annurev.pp.08.060157.002025 [CrossRef]
Leonard O. A. Translocation of carbohydrates in the sugar beet. Plant Physiol. 1939. 14:55-74. DOI: 10.1104/pp.14.1.55 [CrossRef]
Leonard O. A. Studies on the absorption and translocation of 2,4-D in bean plants. Hilgardia. 1958. 28(5):115-60. DOI: 10.3733/hilg.v28n05p115 [CrossRef]
Leonard O. A. The absorption and translocation of acid and ester forms of labeled 2,4,5-T in gorse and broom seedlings 1961. Western Weed Control Conference, Research Progress Rept
Leonard Oliver A., Crafts Alden S. Translocation of herbicides. III. Uptake and distribution of radioactive 2,4-D by brush species. Hilgardia. 1956. 26(6):366-415. DOI: 10.3733/hilg.v26n06p366 [CrossRef]
Leonard O. A., Lider L. A. Toxicity and translocation of herbicides supplied to grape rootings through solution culture. Amer. Jour. Enol. and Vit. 1961. 12:37-46.
Leonard O. A., Weaver R. J., Kay B. L. Bioassay method for determining 2,4-D. Weeds (in press)
Leonard O. A., Yeates J. S. The absorption and translocation of radioactive herbicides in gorse, broom, and rushes. New Zealand Weed Control Conference. 1959. 12:93-98.
Leopold A. C. Auxins and plant growth. 1955. Berkeley: University of California Press. DOI: 10.1097/00010694-195504000-00012 [CrossRef]
Lider L. A., Leonard O. A., Sisson R. L. Effect of amitrole upon poison oak and grape vines in a vineyard 1961. Western Weed Control Conference Research Progress Rept
Loomis W. E. Translocation of carbohydrates in maize. Science. 1945. 101:398-400. DOI: 10.1126/science.101.2625.398 [CrossRef]
Sanders H. G. Weed control handbook. The British Weed Control Council. 1958. Oxford: Blackwell Scientific Publications. p. 200-01.
Weaver R. J., Leonard O. A., McCune S. B. Response of clusters of Vitis vinifera grapes to 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid and related compounds. Hilgardia. 1961. 31(5):113-25. DOI: 10.3733/hilg.v31n05p113 [CrossRef]
Weaver R. J., Winkler A. J., McCune S. B. Some effects of 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid and related compounds on the grapevine. Amer. Jour. Enol. and Vit. 1958. 9(3):126-38.
Winkler A. J. The lateral movement of elaborated foods in the grape vine. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. Proc. 1932. 29:335-38.
Winkler A. J., Williams W. D. Starch and sugars of Vitis vinifera. Plant Physiol. 1945. 20:412-32.
Winkler W. O. Methods for determination of amino triazole in fresh cranberries. 1959. Washington, D.C.: Div. of Food, Bur. of Biol. and Physiol. Sciences, Food and Drug Mimeo.
Yamaguchi S., Crafts A. S. Autoradiographic method for studying absorption and translocation of herbicides using C14-labeled compounds. Hilgardia. 1958. 28(6):161-91.
Yates Wesley E. Minimizing spray drift hazards. Down to Earth. 1960. 16(2):15-20.
Zimmermann Martin H. Transport in the Phloem. Ann. Rev. Plant Physiol. 1960. 11:167-90. DOI: 10.1146/annurev.pp.11.060160.001123 [CrossRef]
Also in this issue:Preserving our genetic resource
Amaranth and meadowfoam: Two new crops?
Use of wild-wheat resources
The beach strawberry, an important natural resource
Safflower germplasm: Domesticated and wild
Cotton germplasm development
Germplasm resources of oilseed crops—sunflower, soybeans, and flax
Utilizing genetic diversity in the improvement of barley cultivars
Germplasm sources of almond
Genetic resources in alfalfa and their preservation
Introduction of disease and insect resistance in cultivated grapes
Breeding successes with spring wheat germplasm
Rice introduction and germplasm development
Gene conservation of commercial forest trees
Conservation of tomato species germplasm
Citrus germplasm collection is widely used