Hilgardia
Hilgardia
Hilgardia
University of California
Hilgardia

Effects of 2,4-D and related substances on fruit-drop, yield, size, and quality of Valencia oranges

Authors

W. S. Stewart
H. Z. Hield
B. L. Brannaman

Authors Affiliations

W. S. Stewart was Formerly Associate Plant Physiologist in the Experiment Station, now with the Pineapple Research Institute, Honolulu, T.H; H. Z. Hield was Laboratory Technician in the Experiment Station; B. L. Brannaman was Senior Laboratory Technician in the Experiment Station.

Publication Information

Hilgardia 21(11):301-329. DOI:10.3733/hilg.v21n11p301. March 1952.

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Abstract

During 1947 and 1948, in various districts throughout southern California, 29 comparisons were made between fruit-drop from non-sprayed Valencia orange trees and that from trees sprayed with 2,4-D at concentrations from 4 to 48 p.p.m. Application of 2,4-D at low volumes was made six months before drop, as well as after drop had begun. While the average reduction in fruit-drop from the sprayed trees was 35.1 per cent, in some cases it was as high as 64, and in others, as low as 5 per cent.

Studies were also made of the possibility of increasing fruit size of Valencias by use of 2,4-D. In an experiment begun in 1948, 17 different chemicals were applied to Valencia trees at full bloom. Only 2,4-D and 2,4,5-T induced a significant increase in fruit size. Data were obtained from eight additional experiments using actual field-scale applications. Determinations of the effect of the sprays on size and grade of fruit were based on packing house information. As a result of the spray, there was a gain of 28.0 packed boxes of fruit size 220 and larger, and a decrease of 19.8 boxes of fruit size 252 and smaller, per 100 trees sprayed.

Periodic measurements showed that larger fruit sizes resulting from use of 2,4-D were due to an increased growth rate. As fruits grew older, they seemed to become less responsive to 2,4-D. In commercial practice, it is suggested that during the 16-week period after flowering, this diminishing response be compensated for by corresponding increases in the concentration of 2,4-D applied.

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Stewart W, Hield H, Brannaman B. 1952. Effects of 2,4-D and related substances on fruit-drop, yield, size, and quality of Valencia oranges. Hilgardia 21(11):301-329. DOI:10.3733/hilg.v21n11p301
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