Hilgardia
Hilgardia
Hilgardia
University of California
Hilgardia

The influence of temperature and oxygen level on the respiration and ripening of Wickson plums

Authors

L. L. Claypool
F.W. Allen

Authors Affiliations

L. L. Claypool was Associate Professor of Pomology and Associate Pomologist in the Experiment Station, Davis; F.W. Allen was Professor of Pomology and Pomologist in the Experiment Station, Davis.

Publication Information

Hilgardia 21(6):129-160. DOI:10.3733/hilg.v21n06p129. November 1951.

PDF of full article, Cite this article

Abstract

This paper presents some recent studies on the influence of atmospheres, modified as to their oxygen level and temperature, on the storage life of Wickson plums. Nine temperatures (32°-95° F) were used at each of ten oxygen levels (1-100 per cent).

The results show that fruits reached respiration and ripening peaks fastest at 77° in the temperature series, although initial CO2 production increased with temperature to the 95° level. In the oxygen series, the rate of acceleration was roughly proportional to the oxygen tension. Respiration and ripening were increasingly delayed in the lower oxygen levels and at reduced temperatures.

At increasing temperatures, fruits in the lowest oxygen levels began to produce as much or more CO2 as fruits in next highest oxygen levels; at 77° the 10 per cent oxygen lot was surpassed by the three lower oxygen lots in reverse order. This is attributed to anaerobic respiration not balanced by the aerobic phases.

Ripening failures and loss of vitality of all oxygen lots at 86° and 95° are thought to have resulted from disturbances of the enzyme systems under high temperature.

Literature Cited

Allen F. W., Claypool L. L. Modified Atmospheres in Relation to the Storage Life of Bartlett Pears. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. Proc. 1948. 52:192-204.

Biale J. B. Effect of Oxygen Concentration on Respiration of the Fuerte Avocado Fruit. Amer. Jour. Bot. 1946. 33:363-73. DOI: 10.2307/2437124 [CrossRef]

Biale J. B. Postharvest Physiology and Biochemistry of Fruits. Plant Physiol. Ann. Rev. 1950. 1950:183-206. DOI: 10.1146/annurev.pp.01.060150.001151 [CrossRef]

Biale J. B., Young R. E. Critical Oxygen Concentrations for the Respiration of Lemons. Amer. Jour. Bot. 1947. 34:301-09. DOI: 10.2307/2437141 [CrossRef]

Claypool L. L., Allen F. W. Modified Atmospheres in Relation to the Transportation of Deciduous Fruits. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. Proc. 1947. 49:92-98.

Claypool L. L., Allen F. W. Carbon Dioxide Production of Deciduous Fruits Held at Different Oxygen Levels during Transit Periods. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. Proc. 1948. 51:103-13.

Claypool L. L., Keefer R. M. A Colorimetric Method for CO2 Determination in Respiration Studies. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. Proc. 1942. 40:177-86.

Goddard D. R., Meeuse B. J. D. Respiration of Higher Plants. Plant Physiol. Ann. Rev. 1950. 1950:207-32. DOI: 10.1146/annurev.pp.01.060150.001231 [CrossRef]

Kidd F., West C. Physiology of Fruit. 1. Changes in the Respiratory Activity of Apples during Senescence at Different Temperatures. Royal Soc. London Proc., Ser. B. 1930. 106:93-109.

Kidd F., West C., Kidd M. N. Gas Storage of Fruit. (Spec. Rept.). Food Inv. Board. (London). 1927. 30:1-87.

Pentzer W. T., Allen F. W. Ripening and Breakdown of Plums as Influenced by Storage Temperature. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. Proc. 1944. 44:148-56.

Smock R. M. Influence of Controlled Atmosphere Storage on Respiration of McIntosh Apples. Bot. Gaz. 1942. 104:178-84. DOI: 10.1086/335120 [CrossRef]

Claypool L, Allen F. 1951. The influence of temperature and oxygen level on the respiration and ripening of Wickson plums. Hilgardia 21(6):129-160. DOI:10.3733/hilg.v21n06p129
Webmaster Email: wsuckow@ucanr.edu