University of California

Spittle-insect vectors of Pierce’s disease virus: I. Characters, distribution, and food plants


Dwight M. Delong
Henry H. P. Severin

Authors Affiliations

Dwight M. Delong was Professor of Entomology, Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio. R. V. Hershberger, Ohio State University, prepared the drawings; Henry H. P. Severin was Entomologist in the Experiment Station.

Publication Information

Hilgardia 19(11):339-356. DOI:10.3733/hilg.v19n11p339. January 1950.

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Distinguishing characters, especially genitalia, are given for the following species of Cercopidae:

Apbrophora angulata Ball

Aphrophora permutata Uhler

Clastoptera brunnea Ball

Philaenus leucophthalmus (Linnaeus)

The distribution of these four species is reported and their food and breeding plants in California are listed. Distinctive markings are described and illustrated for the following six color forms of Philaenus leucophthalmus, all occurring in California: var. leucophthalmus (Linnaeus); var. pallidus (Zetterstedt); var. fabricii Van Duzee; var. marginellus (Fabricius); var. spumarius (Fallen); and var. impressus n. var.

Literature Cited

Ball ED. A review of the Cercopidae of North America north of Mexico. Iowa Acad. Sci. Proc. 1898. 6:204-226.

Ball ED. Notes on the Cercopidae with descriptions of some new species. Iowa Acad. Sci. Proc. 1919. 26:143-150.

Doering KC. The genus Clastoptera in America north of Mexico. Kansas Univ. Sci. Bul. 1928. 18(1):5-153.

Severin HHP. Spittle-insect vectors of Pierce’s disease virus. II. Life history and virus transmission. Hilgardia. 1950. 19(11):357-382. DOI: 10.3733/hilg.v19n11p357 [CrossRef]

Uhler P. List of Hemiptera of the Region West of the Mississippi River. U. S. Geol. Geogr. Surv. Terr. Bul. 1876. 345-349.

Delong D, Severin H. 1950. Spittle-insect vectors of Pierce’s disease virus: I. Characters, distribution, and food plants. Hilgardia 19(11):339-356. DOI:10.3733/hilg.v19n11p339
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