Hilgardia
Hilgardia
Hilgardia
University of California
Hilgardia

Developmental anatomy of the fleshy storage organ of Daucus carota

Author

Katherine Esau

Author Affiliations

Katherine Esau was Assistant Professor of Botany and Assistant Botanist in the Experiment Station.

Publication Information

Hilgardia 13(5):175-226. DOI:10.3733/hilg.v13n05p175. August 1940.

PDF of full article, Cite this article

Abstract

Abstract does not appear. First page follows.

The present study of the anatomy of the fleshy, edible storage organ of the carrot plant (Daucus carota L.) describes, in different stages of development, the tissues making up this organ and interprets its gross morphological features in terms of histological details.

This investigation was completed when a paper by (Havis (1939))3 on the anatomy of the hypocotyl and root of the carrot appeared in press. Since Havis’ article gives fewer ontogenetic details and emphasizes other points than the present study, a publication of the latter constitutes no duplication of material.

Material and Methods

Seedlings obtained by germinating carrot seed upon moistened moss in desiccators served for the study of the earliest stages. Larger plants were grown in a sandy soil in a greenhouse. The seed was of the variety Imperator.

The material, killed in a chrom-acetic-formalin solution (Rawlins, 1933), was imbedded in paraffin after being dehydrated with ethyl and butyl alcohols. The microtome sections were stained with the combination of tannic acid and iron chloride recommended by (Foster (1934)). Certain seedlings cleared in lactic acid were particularly useful in studying the transition region.

Literature Cited

Bary A. de, Bower F. O., Scott D. H. Comparative anatomy of the vegetative organs of the phanerogams and ferns. 1884. Oxford: Clarendon Press. 659p. DOI: 10.5962/bhl.title.56013 [CrossRef]

Chauveaud G. Recherches sur le mode de formation des tubes criblés dans la racine des Monocotylédones. Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot. 1896. 4:307-81.

Chauveaud G. Recherches sur le mode de formation des tubes criblés dans la racine des Dicotylédones. Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot. 1900. 12:333-94.

Chauveaud G. Recherches sur le mode de formation des tubes criblés dans la racine des Cryptogames vasculaires et des Gymnospermes. Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot. 1903. 18:165-277.

Chauveaud G. L’appareil conducteur des plantes vasculaires et les phases principales de son évolution. Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot. 1911. 13:113-438.

Courchet L. Étude anatomique sur les Ombellifères et sur les principales anomalies que présentent leurs organes végétatifs. Ann Sci. Nat., Bot. 1884. 17:107-29.

Crooks D. M. Histological and regenerative studies on the flax seedling. Bot. Gaz. 1933. 95:209-39. DOI: 10.1086/334383 [CrossRef]

Eames A. J., MacDaniels L. H. An introduction to plant anatomy. 1925. New York, N. Y.: McGraw-Hill Book Company. 364p.

Eriksson J. Ueber das Urmeristem der Dikotylen-Wurzel. Jahrb. Wiss. Bot. 1877. 11:380-436.

Esau Katherine. Initial localization and subsequent spread of curly-top symptoms in the sugar beet. Hilgardia. 1935. 9:397-436. DOI: 10.3733/hilg.v13n05p175 [CrossRef] DOI: 10.3733/hilg.v13n05p175 [CrossRef]

Esau Katherine. Ontogeny and structure of the phloem of tobacco. Hilgardia. 1938. 11:343-424. DOI: 10.3733/hilg.v13n05p175 [CrossRef] DOI: 10.3733/hilg.v13n05p175 [CrossRef]

Esau Katherine. Development and structure of the phloem tissue. Bot. Rev. 1939. 5:373-432. DOI: 10.1007/BF02878295 [CrossRef]

Flahault C. Recherches sur l’accroissement terminal de la racine chez les Phanérogames. Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot. 1878. 6:1-168.

Foster A. S. The use of tannic acid and iron chloride for staining cell walls in meristematic tissue. Stain Technology. 1934. 9:91-92. DOI: 10.3109/10520293409116142 [CrossRef]

Golinska H. Einige Beobachtungen über die Morphologie und Anatomie der Radischenknolle. Gartenbauwissenschaft. 1929. 1:488-99.

Havis Leon. The anatomy and histology of the transition region of Tragopogon porrifolius. Jour. Agr. Research. 1935. 51:643-54.

Havis Leon. The morphology and anatomy of the dahlia seedling. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. Proc. 1937. 34:592-94. (1936)

Havis Leon. Anatomy of the hypocotyl and roots of Daucus carota. Jour. Agr. Research. 1939. 58:557-64.

Hayward H. E. The structure of economic plants. 1938. New York, N. Y.: The MacMillan Co. 674p. DOI: 10.1097/00010694-193910000-00033 [CrossRef]

Holle H. G. Ueber den Vegetationspunkt der Angiospermen-Wurzeln, insbesondere der Haubenbildung. Bot. Zeitung. 1876. 34:241-56. ; 257-64.

Jackson B. D. A glossary of botanic terms. 1928. London: Duckworth. 481p. DOI: 10.5962/bhl.title.1334 [CrossRef]

de Janczewski E. Recherches sur l’accroissement terminal des racines dans les Phanérogames. Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot. 1874a. 20:162-201.

de Janczewski E. Sur le développement des radicelles dans les Phanérogames. Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot. 1874b. 20:208-33.

Lemaire A. Recherches sur l’origine et le développement des racines laterales chez les Dicotylédones. Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot. 1886. 3:163-274.

McMurry E. B., Fisk E. L. Vascular anatomy of the seedling of Melilotus alba. Bot. Gaz. 1936. 98:121-34. DOI: 10.1086/334621 [CrossRef]

Nägeli C., Leitgeb H., Nägeli C., Leitgeb H. Entstehung und Wachsthum der Wurzeln. Beitr. Wiss. Bot. 1868. 4:73-160.

Rawlins T. E. Phytopathological and botanical research methods. 1933. New York, N. Y.: John Wiley and Sons. 156p.

Russow E. Vergleichende Untersuchungen betreffend die Histologie (Histographie und Histogenie) der vegetativen und sporenbildenden Organe und die Entwickelung der Sporen der Leitbündel-Kryptogamen, mit Berücksichtigung der Histologie der Phanerogamen, ausgehend von der Betrachtung der Marsiliaceen. Mem. Acad. Imp. Sci. St. Petersburg (ser. 7). 1872. 19:1-207.

Schüepp Otto. Meristeme 1926. p.114. K. Linsbauer. Handbuch der Pflanzenanatomie 1. Abt. 2. Teil: Histologie Bd. IV, Lief. 16. Gebrüder Borntraeger, Berlin.

Simonds A. O. The anatomical development of Lepidium draba. Jour. Agr. Research. 1938. 57:917-28.

Solereder H., Boodle L. A., Fritsch F. E. Systematic anatomy of the dicotyledons. 1908. 2: Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Stover E. L. The roots of wild rice Zizania aquatica L. Ohio Jour. Sci. 1928. 28:43-49.

Tieghem Ph. van. Recherches sur la symétrie de structure des plantes vasculaires, mémoire 1er: La racine. Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot. 1870-71. 13:5-314.

Tieghem Ph. van. Sur le second bois primaire de la racine. Bul. Soc. Bot. France. 1887. 34:101-05.

Tieghem Ph. van, Douliot H. Sur la formation des racines latérales de Monocotylédones. Bul. Soc. Bot. France. 1886a. 33:342-43.

Tieghem Ph. van, Douliot H. Origine des radicelles et des racines latérales chez les Légumineuses et les Cucurbitacées. Bul. Soc. Bot. France. 1886b. 33:494-501.

Tieghem Ph. van, Douliot H. Recherches comparatives sur l’origine des membres endogènes dans les plantes vasculaires. Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot. 1888. 8:1-660.

Warning W. C. Anatomy of the vegetative organs of the parsnip. Bot. Gaz. 1934. 96:44-72. DOI: 10.1086/334446 [CrossRef]

Esau K. 1940. Developmental anatomy of the fleshy storage organ of Daucus carota. Hilgardia 13(5):175-226. DOI:10.3733/hilg.v13n05p175
Webmaster Email: wsuckow@ucanr.edu