Hilgardia
Hilgardia
Hilgardia
University of California
Hilgardia

The use of selenium in sprays for the control of mites on citrus and grapes

Authors

W. M. Hoskins
A. M. Boyce
J. F. Lamiman

Authors Affiliations

W. M. Hoskins was Associate Professor of Entomology and Associate Entomologist in the Experiment Station; A. M. Boyce was Assistant Professor of Entomology and Assistant Entomologist in the Experiment Station; J. F. Lamiman was Instructor in Entomology and Junior Entomologist in the Experiment Station.

Publication Information

Hilgardia 12(2):113-175. DOI:10.3733/hilg.v12n02p113. November 1938.

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Abstract

Abstract does not appear. First page follows.

Introduction

For several years it has been increasingly obvious that the standard methods used for control of several plant-infesting mites in California are unsatisfactory (Boyce, 1936).5 For this reason the California Agricultural Experiment Station projects on the citrus red mite, Paratetranychus citri McG., and on the Pacific red spider, Tetranychus pacificus McG., have been carried on very actively. One feature of such projects is the examination of new materials under both small-scale and practical conditions. In pursuance of this work, a proprietary selenium-containing preparation called Selocide was tested by (Lamiman (1933)) against the Pacific red spider on grapes. This material had been used successfully by (Gnadinger (1933)) for control of the common red spider, Tetranychus telarius (Linn.), in greenhouses. The first small-scale field trials on both grapes and citrus were of so much promise that a new project6 was organized in 1934 for the purpose of making a thorough study of the practical utility of Selocide alone and in combination with other substances for the control of mites affecting citrus and grapes.

It is an interesting coincidence that at about the time when the use of selenium for plant protection was suggested, attention was first directed to this element as a harmful ingredient of animal and human foodstuffs. Since the first settlers went into the semiarid Great Plains region of the United States, a livestock ailment of unknown origin has been noticed in many areas of the present states of South Dakota, Nebraska, Kansas, Wyoming, and other neighboring states.

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