University of California

Biology of the mealy plum aphid, Hyalopterus pruni (Geoffroy)


Leslie M. Smith

Author Affiliations

Leslie M. Smith was Junior Entomologist in the Experiment Station.

Publication Information

Hilgardia 10(7):167-211. DOI:10.3733/hilg.v10n07p167. November 1936.

PDF of full article, Cite this article


Abstract does not appear. First page follows.

Hyalopterus pruni (Geoffroy)

Aphis pruni Geoffroy 1762

Aphis arundinis Fabricius 1775

Aphis pruni Fabricius 1775

Aphis amygdali Blanchard 1840

Aphis prunifex Amyot 1847

Aphis calamaphis Amyot 1847

Aphis gracilis Walker 1850

Hyalopterus pruni (Fabr.) 1857

Hyalopterus arundinis (Fabr.) 1857

Aphis phragmitidicola Oestlund 1886

Hyadaphis umbellulariae Davidson 1911

Historical Review of the Taxonomy of Hyalopterus Pruni (Geoffroy)

The scientific name of this species has been changed repeatedly; in fact, if each of the following authors is recognized, the status of the name has been changed twenty-one times, in the course of which the species has been described eight times as new. This review of the taxonomy does not include many of the lesser notes of an economic nature, which give Hyalopterus arundinis (Fabr.) priority over H. pruni (Fabr.) and vice versa.

1737. De Réamur(51)3 recorded certain observations on an aphid on plum trees in France. This aphid was coated with a white powder. There can be little doubt but that he was dealing with Hyalopterus pruni (Geoff.).

1762. Aphis pruni Geoffroy. This species was described in an anonymous publication, known to be the work of E. L. Geoffroy. This was the earliest use of a binomial name for this species, according to Hottes.(31)

Literature Cited

[1] Amyot C. J. B. Entomologie Française, Rhynchotes. Ann. Soc. Ent. France 2nd series. 1847. 5:453-509. (Mealy plum aphid, p. 476.)

[2] Arkhangelsky P. P. Observations on the control of Eriosoma lanigerum Hausm and other aphids. Bur. for Control Agr. Pests, Tiflis, Bul. 5. 1919. 1917:1-23.

[3] Baker A. C. Generic classification of the hemipterous family Aphididae. U. S. Dept. Agr. Bul. 1920. 826:1-109.

[4] Banks N. Principal insects liable to be distributed on nursery stock. U. S. Dept. Agr. Bul. n.s. 1902. 34:1-46. (Mealy plum aphid, p. 26.)

[5] Blakey J. G. The mealy plum aphis (Hyalopterus pruni). Gard. Chron. 1918. 63(1619):1-2.

[6] Blanchard émile. Histoire naturelle des insectes. Mealy plum aphid. 1840. 3:206 208.) Paris

[7] Bollow W. Drei märkische Leucopis-Arten aus Cocciden (Eriopeltis) an Festuca gezogen. Deut. Ent. Ztschr. 1918. 1917:173-74.

[8] Börner C. Mitteilungen über Blattläuse. Anz. für Schädlingskunde. 1931. 7:8-11.

[9] Börner C. Mitteilungen über Blattläuse. Anz. für Schädlingskunde. 1932. 8:38-40.

[10] Buckton G. B. Monograph of British aphides Vol. 1879. 2:1-171. (Mealy plum aphid, p. 110-13.) J. E. Adlard, Bartholomew Close, London

[11] Childs L. Insect notes. California State Comm. Hort. Mo. Bul. 1914. 3:245

[12] Clarke W. T. List of California Aphididae. Canad. Ent. 1903. 35:247-54. (Mealy plum aphid, p. 249.) DOI: 10.4039/Ent35247-9 [CrossRef]

[13] Das B. The Aphididae of Lahore. Mem. Indian Mus. 1918. 4:135-274. (Mealy plum aphid, p. 225-27.)

[14] Davidson J. A list of British aphides. 1925. New York: Longmans, Green and Co. (Mealy plum aphid, p. 6-9.)

[15] Davidson W. M. Two new aphids from California. Jour. Econ. Ent. 1911. 4:559-61.

[16] Davidson W. M. Life history and habits of the mealy plum aphis. U. S. Dept. Agr. Bul. 1919. 774:1-16.

[17] Davis J. J. A list of the Aphididae of Illinois, with notes on some of the species. Jour. Econ. Ent. 1910. 3:482-99.

[18] Davis J. J. Aphidoletes meridionalis an important dipterous enemy of aphids. Jour. Agr. Research. 1916. 6:883-88.

[19] DeGeer Baron K. Mémoires pour servir a l’histoire des insectes. Tome III. 1773. Mealy plum aphid. 49p. Translation, Adhandlungen zur Geschichte der Insecten. Translated 1789 by J. Goetze. 3 (Mealy plum aphid, p. 33-36)

[20] Dobrovliansky V. V. K’ biologii tlei plodovykh’ derev’ev” i iagodnykh’kystov’. [On the biology of Aphis pests of tree and bush fruits.]. Kiev Ent. Sta. So. Russ. Agr. Synd. Ent. Bul. 1913. 1:1-48.

[21] Essig E. O. Host index to California plant lice (Aphididae). Pomona College Jour. Ent. 1911. 3:465

[22] Essig E. O. Injurious and beneficial insects of California. California State Comm. Hort. Mo. Bul. 1913. 2:1-366. (Mealy plum aphid, p. 86.)

[23] Fabricius J. C. Systema entomologiae. 1775. Korte: Fleusburgi et Lipsiae. 832p. (Not available to this author.)

[24] Fabricius J. C. Entomologia systematica. 1794. 4:212-13.

[25] Flebut A. J. Mealy plum aphis. Pacific Rural Press. 1926. 3:172

[26] Gillette C. P. Report of the entomological section. Colorado Agr. Exp. Sta. 10th Ann. Rept. 1897. 1897:55-61.

[27] Gillette C. P., Palmer M. A. The Aphidae of Colorado. Part II. Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 1932. 25:369-496. (Mealy plum aphid, p. 473-74.)

[28] Gillette C. P., Taylor E. P. A few orchard plant lice. Colorado Agr. Exp. Sta. Bul. 1908. 133:1-48. (Mealy plum aphid, p. 39.)

[29] Goot P. van der. Zur Kenntniss der Blattläuse Java’s. Inst. Sci. Buitenzorg Contrib. Faune Indes Nèerland. 1917. 1:1-301. (Mealy plum aphid, p. 125-26.)

[30] Henrich C. Die Blattläuse, Aphididae der Umgebung von Hermannstadt. Verhand. und Mitt. Siebenbürg. Ver. für Naturw. zu Hermannstadt. 1910. 59:1-104. (Mealy plum aphid, p. 33-35.)

[31] Hottes F. C. Aphid homonyms. Biol. Soc. Washington Proc. 1930. 43:179-84. (Mealy plum aphid, p. 182.)

[32] Hottes F. C., Frison T. The plant lice, or Aphiidae, of Illinois. Illinois Nat. Hist. Survey Bul. 1931. 19:120-447.

[33] Hunter W. D. The Aphididae of North America. Iowa Agr. Exp. Sta. Bul. 1901. 6(60):61-138. (Mealy plum aphid, p. 92.)

[34] Kirkaldy G. W. Catalogue of the genera of the hemipterous family Aphidae with their typical species, together with a list of the species described as new from 1885 to 1905. Canad. Ent. 1905. 37:414-20. DOI: 10.4039/Ent37414-12 [CrossRef]

[35] Koch C. L. Die Pflanzenläuse-Aphiden 1857. p.334. (Mealy plum aphid, p. 16, 21-23.) Nürnberg

[36] Ksenjopolsky A. V. A review of the pests in Volhynia and report on the work of the Volhynia Entomological Bureau for 1914. Publ. by the Zemstvo of the Govt. of Volhynia, Jitomir. 1915. 1915:1-53.

[37] Laing F. Synonomy of some Aphididae. Entomologist. 1925. 58:123

[38] Lepiney J. de, Mimeur J. M. Notes d’entomologie agricole et forestière du Maroc. Mém. Soc. Sci. Nat. Maroc. 1932. 31:1-195. (Mealy plum aphid, p. 122.)

[39] Lowe V. H. Plant-lice: Descriptions, enemies and treatment. New York State Agr. Exp. Sta. [Geneva] Bul. 1897. 139:645-64. (Mealy plum aphid, p. 657.)

[40] Matsumura S. A list of the Aphididae of Japan, with description of new species and genera. Jour. Col. Agr. Tohoku Imp. Univ. [Sapporo]. 1917. 7:351-414.

[41] Mordwilko A. Beitrage zur Biologie der Pflanzenläuse, Aphididae Passerini. Die zyklische Fortpflanzung der Pflanzenläuse. II. Die Migrationen der Pflanzenläuse, ihre Ursachen und ihre Entstehung. Biol. Zentbl. 1907. 27:747-816. (Mealy plum aphid, p. 814, 815.)

[42] Morley C. Donacia clavipes F. at home. Ent. Mo. Mag. 1918. 54:183

[43] Oestlund O. W. List of the aphids of Minnesota, with descriptions of some new species. Minnesota Geol. and Nat. Hist. Surv. 14th Ann. Rept. 1886. pp.17-56. (Mealy plum aphid, p. 44.)

[44] Oestlund O. W. Synopsis of the Aphididae of Minnesota. Minnesota Geol. and Nat. Hist. Surv. Bul. 1887. 4:1-100. (Mealy plum aphid, p. 48.)

[45] Okamoto H. Studies on the Chrysopidae of Japan. Hokkaido Agr. Exp. Sta. [Sapporo] Rept. 1919. 9:1-76.

[46] Opmanis K. Ein Beitrag zur Kenntnis der Aphidenfauna Lettlands. Acta Univ. Latviensis [Riga]. 1928. 18:387-537. (Mealy plum aphid, p. 460-61.)

[47] Osborne H., Sirrine F. A. Notes on Aphididae. Insect Life. 1892. 5:236

[48] Paillot A. Les insectes nuisables des vergers et de la vigne 1931. p.366. (Mealy plum aphid, p. 260-65.) G. Doin and Cle Paris

[49] Passerini G. Gli afidi. Con un prospetto dei generi ed alcune specie Italiane 1860. 2nd. ed.p.40. Parma. (Not available to this author.)

[50] Patch E. M. Woolly aphids of the elm. Maine Agr. Exp. Sta. Bul. 1913. 220:259-98.

[51] Réamur M. de. Mémoires pour servir à l’histoire des insectes. Mémoire IX. 1737. 3:1-532. (Mealy plum aphid, p. 296, 317.)

[52] Schoutenden H. Catalogue des Aphides de Belgique. Mem. Soc. Ent. Belgique. 1906. 12:189-246. (Mealy plum aphid, p. 230.)

[53] Slingerland M. V., Crosby C. R. Manual of fruit insects 1914. p.503. (Mealy plum aphid, p. 258-59.) Macmillan Co., New York City

[54] Smith L. M. A new material used to cage insects on their host plants. Jour. Econ. Ent. 1929. 22:705

[55] Takahashi R. Aphididae of Formosa, Part I 1921. p.97. (Mealy plum aphid, p. 40.) Published by Taihoku Agricultural Experiment Station, Formosa

[56] Takahashi R. Aphididae of Formosa, Part VI. Dept. Agr. Govt. Research Inst. Formosa Rept. 1931. 53:1-127. (Mealy plum aphid, p. 38-39.)

[57] Tavares J. S. Cataloge des Aphideos Portugueses. Brotheria, Serie Zoologica. 1914. 12:177-93. (Mealy plum aphid, p. 184.)

[58] Theobald F. V. The insect and other allied pests of orchard, bush, and hothouse fruits 1909. p.550. (Mealy plum aphid, p. 383.) Published by author, Wye Court, Wye, England

[59] Theobald F. V. African Aphididae. Bul. Ent. Research. 1914. 4:313-37. (Mealy plum aphid, p. 331.) DOI: 10.1017/S0007485300043248 [CrossRef]

[60] Theobald F. V. African Aphididae, Part III. Bul. Ent. Research. 1918. 8:273-94. (Mealy plum aphid, p. 293-94.) DOI: 10.1017/S0007485300037676 [CrossRef]

[61] Theobald F. V. The plant lice or Aphididae of Great Britain. 1927. II:406 (Mealy plum aphid, p. 17-25). Headley Bros., Invicta Press, Ashford, Kent

[62] Walker F. Descriptions of British aphides. Ann. Nat. Hist. 2nd series. 1850. 5:388-95. (Mealy plum aphid, p. 388.)

[63] Wildermuth V. L. California green lacewing fly. Jour. Agr. Research. 1916. 4:515-25. (Mealy plum aphid, p. 517.)

[64] Willcocks F. C. A survey of the more important economic insects and mites of Egypt. Sultanic Agr. Soc. Bul. 1922. 1:1-477. (Mealy plum aphid, p. 177, 181, 461.)

Smith L. 1936. Biology of the mealy plum aphid, Hyalopterus pruni (Geoffroy). Hilgardia 10(7):167-211. DOI:10.3733/hilg.v10n07p167
Webmaster Email: wsuckow@ucanr.edu