Hilgardia
Hilgardia
Hilgardia
University of California
Hilgardia

Experiments with the aster-yellows virus from several states

Author

Henry H. P. Severin

Author Affiliations

Henry H. P. Severin was Associate Entomologist in the Experiment Station.

Publication Information

Hilgardia 8(10):305-325. DOI:10.3733/hilg.v08n10p305. October 1934.

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Abstract

Abstract does not appear. First page follows.

Introduction

In 1929 the author(10) reported that Cicadula divisa Uhl. [C. sexnotata (Fall.)] transmitted yellows from naturally and experimentally infected varieties of celery to asters and from asters to celery in California. Kunkel(5) failed to infect 9 varieties of celery with the aster-yellows virus from New York by means of Cicadula divisa. In later papers the author(11), (13) reported the transmission of yellows from naturally and experimentally infected varieties of carrot, parsley, and parsnip in California, but Kunkel(5) questions whether this disease is identical with aster yellows in New York, since the California aster-yellows virus is readily transmitted to celery and to Zinnia elegans, plants that are highly resistant if not immune to New York aster yellows.

Dorst,(1) who has made a study of the genus Cicadula, found that Cicadula sexnotata (Fall.) is a European species and that the American species is Cicadula divisa Uhl. Specimens of Cicadula were sent to Dorst by Kunkel from New York and by the writer from California, and all were determined as Cicadula divisa.

A review of the literature indicates that the celery yellows found in California probably occurs in other states. According to Linford,(7) aster and celery yellows first made its appearance in Utah during 1927.

Literature Cited

[1] Dorst H. E. Studies on the genus Cicadula (Homoptera, Cicadellidae). Jour. Kansas Ent. Soc. 1931. 4:39-48.

[2] Folsom D. Yellows. The Plant Disease Reporter. 1929. 13:148-149. (Issued by the U. S. Dept. Agr. Bur. Plant Indus.)

[3] Fukushi T. Aster yellows in Japan [Japanese]. Agr. and Hort. 1930. 5:577-584. Abstracted in: Japanese Jour. Bot. 2: 31

[4] Kunkel L. O. Studies on aster yellows. Amer Jour. Bot. 1926. 13:646-705. (Published also in Contrib. Boyce Thompson Inst. 1: 181-240 DOI: 10.2307/2435474 [CrossRef]

[5] Kunkel L. O. Studies on aster yellows in some new host plants. Contrib. Boyce Thompson Inst. 1931. 3:85-123.

[6] Kunkel L. O. Celery yellows of California not identical with aster yellows of New York. Contrib. Boyce Thompson Inst. 1932. 4:405-414.

[7] Linford M. B. Plant diseases in Utah. The Plant Disease Reporter Supplement. 1928. 59:65-117. (Issued by the U. S. Dept. Agr. Bur. Plant. Indus.)

[8] Newhall A. G. Some special disease surveys in New York in 1929. The Plant Disease Reporter Supplement. 1930. 76:81-82. (Issued by the U. S. Dept. Agr. Bur. Plant Indus.)

[9] Ogilvie L. Aster yellows in Bermuda. A disease of many cultivated plants. Bermuda Dept. Agr. Bul. 1927. 6(5):7-8.

[10] Severin H. H. P. Yellows disease of celery, lettuce, and other plants, transmitted by Cicadula sexnotata (Fall). Hilgardia. 1929. 3(18):543-582. DOI: 10.3733/hilg.v03n18p543 [CrossRef]

[11] Severin H. H. P. Carrot and parsley yellows transmitted by the six-spotted leafhopper, Cicadula sexnotata (Fall. Phytopathology. 1930. 20:920-921.

[12] Severin H. H. P. Modes of curly-top transmission by the beet leafhopper, Eutettix tenellus (Baker). Hilgardia. 1931. 6(8):253-276. DOI: 10.3733/hilg.v06n08p253 [CrossRef]

[13] Severin H. H. P. Transmission of carrot, parsley, and parsnip yellows by Cicadula divisa Uhl. Hilgardia. 1932. 7(3):163-179. DOI: 10.3733/hilg.v07n03p163 [CrossRef]

[14] Severin H. H. P., Haasis F. A. Transmission of California aster yellows to potato by Cicadula divisa. Hilgardia. 1933. 8(10):327-335. DOI: 10.3733/hilg.v08n10p327 [CrossRef]

[15] Severin H. H. P., Henderson C. F. Some host plants of curly top. Hilgardia. 1928. 3:339-392. DOI: 10.3733/hilg.v03n13p339 [CrossRef]

[16] Severin H. H. P., Freitag J. H. Some properties of the curly-top virus. Hilgardia. 1933. 8:1-48. DOI: 10.3733/hilg.v08n01p001 [CrossRef]

[17] Severin H. H. P., Swezy O. Filtration experiments on curly-top of sugar beets. Phytopathology. 1928. 18:681-690.

[18] Smith K. M. Recent advances in the study of plant viruses. 1933. London: J. &; A. Churchill. 423p.

[19] Vaughan R. E., Foster A. C. Carrot. The Plant Disease Reporter Supplement. 1930. 75:60 (Issued by the U. S. Dept. Agr. Bur. Plant Indus.)

[20] Whetzel H. H. Diseases of muck crops in New York. The Plant Disease Reporter. 1929. 13:174 (Issued by the U. S. Dept. Agr. Bur. Plant Indus.)

[21] Zundel G. L. Yellows (virus) on various plants. The Plant Disease Reporter. 1929. 13:174 (Issued by the U. S. Dept. Agr. Bur. Plant Indus.)

Severin H. 1934. Experiments with the aster-yellows virus from several states. Hilgardia 8(10):305-325. DOI:10.3733/hilg.v08n10p305
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