Effects of early handicaps on chickens as measured by yolk absorption and body weight to twenty weeks of age
AuthorSylvia L. Parker
Author AffiliationsSylvia L. Parker was Assistant Professor of Poultry Husbandry and Assistant Poultry Husbandman in the Experiment Station.
Hilgardia 4(1):1-56. DOI:10.3733/hilg.v04n01p001. March 1929.
Abstract does not appear. First page follows.
General Problem and Literature
That growth is markedly influenced by environmental factors is well known. The precise effects and optimum conditions have been the subject of so many investigations that reference can be made only to those which have the most direct bearing on the experiments reported here. Most of the previous investigations have been concerned with the results obtained when the experimental subjects were kept continuously under the particular environmental conditions. The point with which the present experiments are primarily concerned is the question of how permanent the effects of environmental handicaps are, when those handicaps are maintained for only a short time, during the early life of the subjects.
Alder B. Brooding and feeding chicks. Utah Agr. Exp. Sta. Cir. 1924. 50:1-16.
Aron H. Wachstum und Ernährung. Biochem. Weit. 1910. 30:207-226.
Aron H. Nutrition and growth. Philippine Jour. of Sci. 1911. 6B:1-52.
Aron H. Untersuchungen über die Beeinflussing des Wachstums durch die Ernährung. Berliner Klin. Wochenach. 1914. 51:972-977.
Atwood H., Weakley C. E. Jr. Certain characteristics of hen eggs. West Virginia Agr. Exp. Sta. Bul. 1917. 166:1-35.
Boas F. The growth of children. Science N. S. 1912. 36:815-818. DOI: 10.1126/science.36.937.815 [CrossRef]
Benjamin E. W. A study of selections for the size, shape, and color of hens’ eggs. Cornell Agr. Exp. Sta. Memoir. 1920. 31: p. 191-312. DOI: 10.5962/bhl.title.30256 [CrossRef]
Clickner F. H. T. The 1927 New Jersey chick ration and method of chick feeding. New Jersey Agr. Exp. Sta. Hints to Poultrymen. 1927. 15(5):1-5.
Curtis M. R. A biometrical study of egg production in the domestic fowl. IV. Factors influencing the size, shape and physical constitution of eggs. Arch. für Entwickl. Mech. 1914. 39:217-326. DOI: 10.1007/BF02267088 [CrossRef]
Hatai S. Effect of partial starvation followed by a return to normal diet, on the growth of the body and central nervous system of albino rats. Amer. Jour. of Physiol. 1907. 18:309-320.
Jackson C. M. Postnatal growth and variability of the body and of the various organs in the albino rat. Amer. Jour. of Anat. 1913. 15:1-68. DOI: 10.1002/aja.1000150102 [CrossRef]
Jackson C. M. Effects of inanition and refeeding upon the growth and structure of the hypophysis in the albino rat. Amer. Jour. of Anat. 1917. 21:321-358. DOI: 10.1002/aja.1000210204 [CrossRef]
King H. D. Studies in inbreeding I. The effects of inbreeding on the growth and variability in the body weight of the albino rat. Jour. Exp. Zool. 1918. 26:1-54. DOI: 10.1002/jez.1400260102 [CrossRef]
King H. D. Studies in inbreeding IV. A further study of the effects of inbreeding on the growth and variability in the body weight of the albino rat. Jour. Exp. Zool. 1919. 29:71-111. DOI: 10.1002/jez.1400290103 [CrossRef]
Latimer H. B. The variability in weight of Leghorn chicks at hatching, thirty-five days, and maturity. Am. Nat. 1924. 57:278-382.
Lewis H. R. A study of the best brooder temperature. Thirty-second annual report New Jersey Exp. Sta. 1911. p. 102-106.
Minot C. S. Senescence and rejuvenescence. Jour. Physiol. 1891. 12:97-153.
Morgulis S. Studies of inanition in its bearing upon the problem of growth. Arch für. Entwickl. Mech. 1911. 32:169-268. DOI: 10.1007/BF02264757 [CrossRef]
Morgulis S. The influence of protracted and intermittent fasting upon growth. Amer. Nat. 1913. 47:477-487. DOI: 10.1086/279366 [CrossRef]
Osborne T. B., Mendel L. B. The suppression of growth and the capacity to grow. Jour. Biol. Chem. 1914. 18:95-107.
Osborne T. B., Mendel L. B. The resumption of growth after long continued failure to grow. Jour. Biol. Chem. 1915. 23:439-454.
Osborne T. B., Mendel L. B. Acceleration of growth after retardation. Amer. Jour. Physiol. 1916. 40:16-20.
Pagliani Luigi. Lo sviluppo umano per età, sesso, condizione sociale ed etnica, studiato nel peso, statura eccètera. 1879. Civelli: Milano. 80p.
Pearl R. The experimental modification of germ cells. III. The effect of parental alcoholism, and certain other drug intoxications, upon the progeny. Jour. Exp. Zool. 1917. 22: p. 241-310. DOI: 10.1002/jez.1400220204 [CrossRef]
Richon L., Perrin M. Retards de développement par intoxication tobagique expérimentale, possibilité de la reprise de croissance après cessation de l’intoxication. C. R. Soc. Biol. Paris. 1908. 64:563-565.
Schilling S. J., Bleecker W. L. The absorption rate of the reserve yolk in baby chicks. Jour. Vet. Med. Ass’n. 1928. 72(N. S. 25):618-626.
Shapiro A. On the influence of chloroform on the growth of young animals. Proc. Physiol. Soc. Jour. Physiol. 1905. 33:xxxi-xxxiii.
Stewart C. A. Growth of the body and various organs of young albino rats upon refeeding after inanition for various periods. Anat. Record. 1916. 10:245-246.
Vandervort J. Raising chicks at a profit. Illinois Agr. Exp. Sta. Cir. 1925. 294:1-15.
Virchow H. Der Dottersack des Huhnes. Internationale Beitrage zur wissenchaftlichen Medicin. Festschrift Rudolf Virchow zu seinen 71. Geburtstage gewidmet v. den früheren u. jetzigen Assistenten d. Berliner patholog. Instituts. Imp.-4. 1891. Berlin: G. Reimer Kart. p. 225-353.
Also in this issue:Manufacturing milk: Producer prices paid in California in 1949 in line with prices in Midwest
New spray-type seed treater: Uniform coverage of seeds, ease of operation and protection by enclosure among advantages
Mechanized agriculture: Engineering applied to farm problems enables 15% of the population to feed the nation with surplus for export
Lindane for wire worm control: Wireworms affecting certain vegetable and field crops controlled with lindane seed treatment
Nutrient deficiencies in soils: Nitrogen and phosphorus found to be deficient in samples of soils representing many parts of the state
Concrete pipe: Systems economical and feasible on most farms
Ground water in California: Economic and social causes and effects of overdraft on state's water resources subjects of current studies
Temperature and bud rest period: Effect of temperature and exposure on the rest period of deciduous plant leaf buds investigated
Turkeys: Selective breeding for control of heritable characteristics
Alfalfa in chick rations: Possible control of growth depressing effect of alfalfa indicated by addition of cholesterol to diet of chicks
Bud moth on prunes: Comparative effectiveness of spray and dust as controls studied in tests