Managing resistance is critical to future use of pyrethroids and neonicotinoids
AuthorsFrank G. Zalom
Nick C. Toscano
Frank J. Byrne
Authors AffiliationsR. A. Van Steenwyk is Cooperative Extension Entomologist, Department of Environmental Science, Policy, and Management, UC Berkeley; and F.G. Zalom is Entomologist, Agricultural Experiment Station, and Cooperative Extension Entomologist, Department of Entomology, UC Davis. We gratefully acknowledge the California Department of Food and Agriculture for financial support in the development of the base document, and in publication of this special issue. We also thank the many UC Cooperative Extension Specialists and Farm Advisors who provided technical expertise in the development of alternative scenarios for the specific crops studied.
Hilgardia 59(1):11-15. DOI:10.3733/ca.v059n01p11. January 2005.
Synthetic pyrethroids and neonicotinoids are the most readily available alternatives to the organophosphate and carbamate insecticides. Pyrethroids have become widely used in California, and problems with insecticide resistance and nontarget impacts have already been identified. Neonicotinoids are a new class of insecticide with uses only now being realized. Managing insecticide resistance will be crucial to preserving these new materials as organophosphate uses are lost.
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Also in this issue:Aphelopus albopictus Ashmead (Hymenoptera: Dryinidae): Abundance, Parasitism, and Distribution in Relation to Leafhopper Hosts in Grapes
Environmental laws elicit evolution in pest management
Letters: January-March 2005
Science briefs: January-March 2005
Food Quality Protection Act launches search for pest management alternatives
Pheromone mating disruption offers selective management options for key pests
Biological and cultural controls … Nonpesticide alternatives can suppress crop pests
Various novel insecticides are less toxic to humans, more specific to key pests
Microorganisms and their byproducts, nematodes, oils and particle films have important agricultural uses
Costs of 2001 methyl bromide rules estimated for California strawberry industry