University of California

Marine Protected Areas should be managed with greater integration


Deborah A. McArdle

Author Affiliations

listproc@ucdavis.edu California Marine Protected Areas,.

Publication Information

Hilgardia 51(4):33-34. DOI:10.3733/ca.v051n04p33. July 1997.

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Like their counterparts on land, protected areas in U.S. coastal waters are numerous and complex. California alone has 104 marine protected areas (MPAs). MPAs carry a variety of names. State-designated sites are called areas of special biological significance, coastal sanctuaries, ecological reserves, marine refuges, marine reserves, marine resource protection act ecological reserves, natural reserves or simply parks. Federal sites are called national marine sanctuaries, national parks or ecological preserves. International sites include Man and Biosphere Reserves.

McArdle D. 1997. Marine Protected Areas should be managed with greater integration. Hilgardia 51(4):33-34. DOI:10.3733/ca.v051n04p33
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