Hilgardia
Hilgardia
Hilgardia
University of California
Hilgardia

Shade area requirements for beef feed lots in the Imperial Valley

Authors

C. F. Kelly
T. E. Bond
W. N. Garrett

Authors Affiliations

C. F. Kelly is Professor of Agricultural Engineering, University of California, Davis; T. E. Bond is Associate in Agricultural Engineering, University of California, Davis; W. N. Garrett is Assistant Animal Husbandman, Imperial Valley Field Station, University of California.

Publication Information

Hilgardia 14(9):11-12. DOI:10.3733/ca.v014n09p11. September 1960.

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Abstract

One-fourth of all of California's feed-lot cattle are in the Imperial Valley—a seemingly unfavorable environment for livestock production in the summer months. From June through September, daily temperatures average about 90° F., and frequently do not go below 80° F. Air temperatures above the animal's body temperatures may prevail for as long as eight or nine hours every day; and, because of the southern latitude and almost cloudless skies, the solar radiation is intense. But by good management practices involving corrals open to breezes, drinking water as cool as possible, proper rations, and well-designed shades, the Valley feeder has been able to obtain efficient gains.

Kelly C, Bond T, Garrett W. 1960. Shade area requirements for beef feed lots in the Imperial Valley. Hilgardia 14(9):11-12. DOI:10.3733/ca.v014n09p11
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