Hilgardia
Hilgardia
Hilgardia
University of California
Hilgardia

Induced increase of soft scale: Imbalance between scales and natural enemies on walnut trees in northern California results in scale population increases

Authors

A. E. Michelbacher
Stephen Hitchcock

Authors Affiliations

A. E. Michelbacher is Professor of Entomology, University of California, Berkeley; Stephen Hitchcock is Research Assistant in Entomology, University of California, Berkeley.

Publication Information

Hilgardia 12(11):13-13. DOI:10.3733/ca.v012n11p13. November 1958.

PDF of full article, Cite this article

Abstract

The principal natural enemies of soft scales attacking walnut trees in northern California are small winged parasites easily killed by trace amounts of insecticides. If undisturbed, the parasites are able to maintain the scale population much below an economic level.

Michelbacher A, Hitchcock S. 1958. Induced increase of soft scale: Imbalance between scales and natural enemies on walnut trees in northern California results in scale population increases. Hilgardia 12(11):13-13. DOI:10.3733/ca.v012n11p13
Webmaster Email: wsuckow@ucanr.edu